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Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFVs)

Federal agencies are mandated by:

  • Energy Policy Act (EPAct); 
  • Executive Order 13423;
  • Energy Independence Security Act (EISA) to purchase alternative fuel vehicles;
  • Increase consumption of alternative fuels; and
  • Reduce petroleum consumption. 

Federal fleets are required to obtain 75 percent of their light-duty annual acquisitions as AFVs in Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Vehicles acquired outside of the MSAs also count toward an agency’s percentage, but are not required. Section 301 of EPACT defines alternative fuels as:

  • BioDiesel;
  • Denatured alcohol;
  • Electricity;
  • Hydrogen;
  • Methanol;
  • Mixtures containing up to 85 percent methanol or denatured ethanol;
  • Natural gas; and
  • Propane (liquefied petroleum gas).

In addition, the National Defense Authorization Act of 2008 expanded the definition of an alternative fuel vehicle to include:

  • Any vehicle achieving a significant reduction in petroleum consumption;
  • Advanced lean burn technology vehicles;
  • Fuel cell vehicles; and
  • Hybrid electric vehicles.

GSA Fleet strives to assist federal customers in acquiring vehicles that help to meet federal sustainability requirements and reduce costs. Fleet has achieved measurable success in this endeavor. In FY 2013, the GSA leased Fleet had an overall MPG improvement of 19.42 percent, meaning on average, GSA Fleet put a vehicle in to the fleet that was 19.42 percent more fuel efficient than the vehicle it replaced. 

Please refer to the documents below for additional information:

Name Format Size Publish Date
EISA Section 141 Guidance PDF 700KB 01.10.2014
EPAct1992 PDF 4.95MB 01.14.2014
EPAct2005 PDF 3.15MB 01.10.2014
Executive Order 13423 2007 PDF 172KB 01.10.2014
Executive Order 13514 PDF 1.77MB 01.10.2014
May 24, 2011 -- Presidential Memorandum PDF 32KB 01.14.2014
National Defense Authorization Act 2008 PDF 9.17MB 01.10.2014

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Stephanie Gresalfi
(703) 605-2664

Colby Sheffer

Matthew Stockburger
(703) 605-9523