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IT Capital Planning

The Capital Planning and Investment Control (CPIC) process was mandated by the Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996, and is further directed by the Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Circular A-130 (Management of Federal Information Resources). See our list of IT Capital Planning related guidance and regulations.

GSA’s CPIC process is a dynamic process in which IT initiatives are selected and then continually monitored and evaluated to ensure each chosen initiative is well managed, cost effective and supports the mission and strategic goals of the agency.

Recognizing both the importance of IT initiatives to the organization and its role in supporting the success of these initiatives, GSA’s Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) is engaged in an ongoing effort to establish, maintain and actively support the IT investment analysis and decision making environment. This environment consists of three key components: a repeatable process, supporting tools, and executive decision-makers:

  • Process – CPIC is GSA’s primary process for making decisions concerning which IT initiatives and systems the agency should invest in, and making decisions concerning creating and analyzing associated rationale for these initiatives.
  • Tools – The primary tool for IT portfolio and investment management is the Electronic Capital Planning and Investment Control (eCPIC) tool. This web-based tool is used to support GSA initiatives and decision making and IT initiative submissions to OMB. The OCIO maintains and supports the tool.
  • Decision Making - The primary groups involved in making policy decisions are the Investment Review Board (IRB) and the Information Technology Executive Council (ITEC), both of which participate in the agency-level IT governance process and are primary stakeholders in the success of the agency.


investment control, Capital Planning and Investment Control, CPIC