5.10 Humidification and Water Treatment

Humidifiers and Direct Evaporative Coolers. Make-up water for direct evaporation humidifiers and direct evaporative coolers, or other water spray systems shall originate directly from a potable source that has equal or better water quality with respect to both chemical and microbial contaminants. Humidifiers shall be designed so that microbiocidal chemicals and water treatment additives are not emitted in ventilation air. All components of humidification equipment shall be stainless steel. Air washer systems are not permitted for cooling.

Humidification shall be limited to building areas requiring special conditions. Courtrooms with wall coverings of wood shall be provided with humidification. General office space shall not be humidified unless severe winter conditions are likely to cause indoor relative humidity to fall below 30 percent. Where humidification is necessary, atomized hot water, clean steam or ultrasound may be used and shall be generated by electronic or steam-to-steam generators. To avoid the potential for over saturation and condensation at low load, the total humidification load shall be divided between multiple, independently-modulated units. Single-unit humidifiers are not acceptable.When steam is required during summer seasons for humidification or sterilization, a separate clean steam generator shall be provided and sized for the seasonal load. Humidifiers shall be centered on the air stream to prevent stratification of the moist air. All associated equipment and piping shall be stainless steel. Humidification system shall have microprocessor controls and the capability to connect to building automation systems.

Water Treatment. The water treatment for all hydronic systems, including humidification systems, shall be designed by a qualified specialist. The design system shall address the three aspects of water treatment: biological growth, dissolved solids and scaling, and corrosion protection. The performance of the water treatment systems shall produce, as a minimum, the following characteristics; hardness: 0.00; iron content: 0.00; dissolved solids: 1,500 to 1,750 ppm; silica: 610 ppm or less; and a PH of 10.5 or above. The system shall operate with an injection pump transferring chemicals from solution tank(s) as required to maintain the conditions described. The chemical feed system shall have self-contained microprocessor controls capable of connecting to and interoperating with a Direct Digital Control (DDC) Building Automation System. The methods used to treat the systems’ make-up water shall have prior success in existing facilities on the same municipal water supply and follow the guidelines outlined in ASHRAE Applications Handbook.

Last Reviewed 2016-08-02