Frequently Asked Questions
What are space requirements for each grade level?
Space requirements based on pay grade or maximum area per person under Federal Property Management Regulations (FPMR), Part 101-17, Temporary Regulation D-76 (41 CFR Part 101-17) were withdrawn in 1995 and are no longer mandated by federal regulations, specified by GSA, or recommended by the OGP Office of Real Property Management.
Current guidance, under Title 41, Volume 2, Chapter 101 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Sec. 101-17.301 Space allowances states, "Space allowances are derived from specific studies of the operations of the agencies, and are directed toward providing each employee with enough space to work efficiently".
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR 102-79) defines the current standards for space assignment as follows:
"Executive agencies must provide a quality workplace environment that supports program operations, preserves the value of real property assets, meets the needs of the occupant agencies, and provides child care and physical fitness facilities in the workplace when adequately justified. An executive agency must promote maximum utilization of federal workspace, consistent with mission requirements, to maximize its value to the government." (41 CFR 102-79.10)
"Executive agencies must provide assignment and utilization services that will maximize the value of federal real property resources and improve the productivity of the workers housed therein." (41 CFR 102-79.15)
Further guidance is provided by the "GSA Customer Guide to Real Property," which calls for space to be assigned based on "local market conditions, available vacant space, statutes and regulations, principles of professional space management, and your (the agency's) mission."
GSA recommends that space requirements be based on the tasks required for a particular job and on the organizations needs to accomplish its mission. Other factors affecting space needs may be privacy and acoustic requirements, access to daylight, collaborative needs, space availability, and budget.
For more information on space utilization in the federal government, in addition to the "GSA Customer Guide to Real Property," we recommend:
- Workspace Utilization and Allocation Benchmark
- Leveraging Mobility
- Workplace Solutions Library
- The New Federal Workplace
Is there a governmentwide standard for office space per person?
No, there are no formal standard. Federal regulations no longer mandate nor stipulate space requirements based on pay grade or maximum area per person. In the 2012 “Workspace Utilization and Allocation Benchmark” GSA's, Office of Government Policy provides guidance to office space use in the federal government and the private sector. This benchmark study contains valuable data and practical advice pertinent to all real property professionals.