Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFVs)

Federal agencies are required by:

  • Energy Policy Act (EPAct);
  • The Presidential Memorandum on Federal Fleet Performance (Revoked starting October 1, 2015);
  • Executive Order 13693; and
  • The Energy Independence Security Act (EISA) Section 141 to:
    • Purchase alternative fuel vehicles;
    • Acquire all light-duty vehicles as low greenhouse gas vehicles;
    • Optimize fleet size;
    • Reduce GHG emissions;
    • Increase zero emission vehicles or plug-in hybrid acquisitions; and to
    • Properly account for and report fleet data.

Federal fleets are required to obtain 75 percent of their light-duty annual acquisitions as AFVs in Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Vehicles acquired outside of the MSAs also count toward an agency’s percentage, but are not required. Section 301 of EPACT defines alternative fuels as:

  • BioDiesel;
  • Denatured alcohol;
  • Electricity;
  • Hydrogen;
  • Methanol;
  • Mixtures containing up to 85 percent methanol or denatured ethanol;
  • Natural gas; and
  • Propane (liquefied petroleum gas).

In addition, the National Defense Authorization Act of 2008 expanded the definition of an alternative fuel vehicle to include:

  • Any vehicle achieving a significant reduction in petroleum consumption;
  • Advancded lean burn technology vehicles;
  • Fuel cell vehicles; and
  • Hybrid electric vehicles.

GSA Fleet strives to assist federal customer in acquiring vehicles that help to meet federal sustainability requirements and reduce costs. Fleet has achieved measurable success in the is endeavor. In FY 2014, the GSA leased Fleet had an overall MPG improvement of 20.5 percent, meaning on average, GSA fleet put a vehicle into the fleet that was 20.5 percent more fuel efficient than the vehicle it replaced.

Please refer to the document below for additional information:

Name Format Size
EISA Section 141 Guidance PDF 700KB
EPAct1992 PDF 4.95MB
EPAct2005 PDF 3.15MB
Executive Order 13423 2007 (Revoked as of March 19, 2015) PDF 172KB
Executive Order 13514 (Revoked as of March 19, 2015) PDF 1.77MB
May 24, 2011 -- Presidential Memorandum (Revoked as of October 01, 2015) PDF 32KB
National Defense Authorization Act 2008 PDF 9.17MB
Executive Order 13693: Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade (New as of March 19, 2015)

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Last Reviewed 2015-12-07