Making Javelle Water

Procedure code:
371002G
Source:
Historic Concrete: Investigation & Repair- Pre-Conference Training Course, APT Annual Meeting, 1989.
Division:
Concrete
Section:
Concrete Cleaning
Last Modified:
07/11/2016

MAKING JAVELLE WATER

PART 1---GENERAL

1.01 SUMMARY

A. These guidelines e on making javelle water are recommended for use in removal of the following stains:

  1. Beverage Stains: See 03710-06-S.

  2. Fire, Smoke, Soot, Pitch and Wood Tar Stains: See 03710-19-S.

  3. Ink Stains: See 03710-24-S.

  4. Perspiration Stains: See 03710-33-S.

  5. Plywood or Joint Sealant Stains: See 03710-34-S.

  6. Tobacco Stains: See 03710-37-S.

PART 2---PRODUCTS

2.01 MATERIALS

Note: Chemical products are sometimes sold under a common name. This usually means that the substance is not as pure as the same chemical sold under its chemical name. The grade of purity of common name substances, however, is usually adequate for stain removal work, and these products should be purchased when available, as they tend to be less expensive. Common names are indicated below by an asterisk (*).

A. Calcium Hypochlorite (CaCl2O2):

  1. A white powder used especially as a bleaching agent and disinfectant.

  2. Other chemical or common names include Chlorinated calcium oxide; Bleaching powder*; Calcium oxymuriate*; Chloride of lime*; Chlorinated lime*; Hypochlorite of lime*; Oxymuriate of lime*.

  3. Potential Hazards: Caustic to flesh; flammable (when in contact with organic solvents); toxic from contact, inhalation & ingestion

  4. Available from chemical supply house, dry cleaning supply distributor, drugstore or pharmaceutical supply distributor, janitorial supply distributor, swimming pool supply distributor, or water and sanitation supply distributor.

B. Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3):

  1. A sodium salt of carbonic acid used especially in making soaps and chemicals, in water softening, in cleaning and bleaching and in photography; A hygroscopic crystalline anhydrous strongly alkaline salt.

  2. Other chemical or common names include Carbonate of soda*; Sal soda*; Soda*; Soda ash*; Washing soda*.

  3. Potential Hazards: Caustic to flesh

  4. Available from chemical supply house, grocery store or supermarket, hardware store, paint store or water and sanitation supply distributor.

C. Clean, potable water 

2.02 EQUIPMENT 

A. Enameled shallow pan 

B. Rubber or plastic buckets or stoneware jar

PART 3---EXECUTION

3.01 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION

A. Dissolve 3 pounds of sodium carbonate crystals in 1 gallon of hot water in a rubber or plastic bucket.

B. In a shallow enamel pan, place 12 ounces by weight of calcium hypochlorite. Add water slowly and mix to a paste while mashing the lumps.

C. Pour the two solutions into another rubber or plastic bucket or into a stoneware jar and mix in enough water to make a total of 2 gallons of solution.

D. Stir well, cover and allow the lime to settle.

E. Carefully pour off the liquid for use, leaving the solids behind. The liquid can be siphoned off, but do not start the suction by mouth.

 

END OF SECTION

Last Reviewed 2016-07-11