Poulticing Caulking Compound Stains From Concrete
- Procedure code:
- Hstrc Concrete: Investigation & Rpr/Pre-Conf Training - 1989
- Concrete Cleaning
- Last Modified:
POULTICING CAULKING COMPOUND STAINS FROM CONCRETE
THE CLEANING OR REMOVAL OF STAINS FROM CONCRETE MAY INVOLVE THE
USE OF LIQUIDS, DETERGENTS OR SOLVENTS WHICH MAY RUN OFF ON
ADJACENT MATERIAL, DISCOLOR THE CONCRETE OR DRIVE THE STAINS DEEPER
INTO POROUS CONCRETE. USE THE PRODUCTS AND TECHNIQUES DESCRIBED
HERE ONLY FOR THE COMBINATIONS OF DIRT/STAIN AND CONCRETE SPECIFIED.
A. This procedure includes guidance on removing caulking
compound stains from concrete by poulticing with
B. Safety Precautions:
1. DO NOT save unused portions of stain-removal
2. DO NOT store any chemicals in unmarked containers.
3. EXCELLENT VENTILATION MUST BE PROVIDED WHEREVER ANY
SOLVENT IS USED. USE RESPIRATORS WITH SOLVENT
4. No use of organic solvents indoors should be
allowed without substantial air movement. Use only
spark-proof fans near operations involving
5. Provide adequate clothing and protective gear where
the chemicals are indicated to be dangerous.
6. Have available antidote and accident treatment
chemicals where noted.
C. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be
reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines
cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
4. Quality Assurance
5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
6. Project/Site Conditions
7. Sequencing and Scheduling
8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing
this procedure and should be followed, when applicable,
along with recommendations from the Regional Historic
Preservation Officer (RHPO).
D. For additional information on poulticing, see 04455-02-R.
NOTE: Chemical products are sometimes sold under a common
name. This usually means that the substance is not as pure as
the same chemical sold under its chemical name. The grade of
purity of common name substances, however, is usually adequate
for stain removal work, and these products should be purchased
when available, as they tend to be less expensive. Common
names are indicated below by an asterisk (*).
A. Denatured Alcohol:
1. Other chemical or common names include Methylated
2. Potential hazards: TOXIC AND FLAMMABLE.
3. Available from hardware store, paint store or
printer's supply distributor.
4. Denatured alcohol, which carries no liquor tax,
should be a satisfactory substitute for ethyl
alcohol for stain removing purposes.
B. Sodium Orthophosphate:
1. Other chemical or common names include Tribasic
sodium phosphate; Trisodium orthophosphate;
Trisodium phosphate; TSP*; Phosphate of soda*.
2. Potential Hazards: CORROSIVE TO FLESH.
3. Available from chemical supply distributor,
supermarket, grocery, or hardware store.
C. Filler material such as whiting, diatomaceous earth or
D. Mineral water
E. Clean dry towels for blotting the area after treatment
F. Clean, potable water
G. Accessible source of water, soap and towels for washing
and rinsing in case of emergencies associated with the
use of chemicals
A. Glass or ceramic container for mixing the solution
B. Wooden utensil for stirring the ingredients
C. Wood or plastic spatula
D. Stiff bristle brushes (non-metallic)
1. Provide adequate wash solutions (i.e. water, soap
and towels) before starting the job.
2. Whenever acid is used, the surface should be
thoroughly rinsed with water as soon as its action
has been adequate. Otherwise it will continue
etching the concrete even though the stain is gone.
3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
NOTE: DO NOT TRY MORE THAN ONE TREATMENT ON A GIVEN AREA
UNLESS THE CHEMICALS USED FROM PRIOR TREATMENT HAVE BEEN
A. Scrape off as much caulk residue as possible using a
wooden or plastic spatula.
B. Mix whiting material from Section 2.01 with denatured
alcohol to create a thick paste. Select the amount of
whiting or filler material to make a poultice of the
required size. Add denatured alcohol to obtain the
proper paste-like consistency.
C. Thoroughly wet the concrete surface to be treated with
clean, clear water.
D. Apply the poultice mixture to the stained area using a
wood or plastic spatula and allow to dry. Be sure to
spread the poultice well beyond the stained area. The
liquid portion of the paste will migrates into the
concrete where it will dissolve some of the staining
material. Then the liquid will gradually move back
beyond the concrete surface and into the poultice, where
it will evaporate, leaving the dissolved staining
material in the poultice.
E. When the poultice has dried, brush or scrape it off with
a stiff bristle brush or wooden scraper.
F. Wash the surface thoroughly with hot water containing
G. Thoroughly rinse the area with clean, clear water and
allow to dry.
H. Repeat the process as necessary to sufficiently remove
END OF SECTION