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Historic Preservation - Technical Procedures


Selected Reading On Masonry Restoration And Cleaning

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Preservation Technology Source Book




Masonry Restoration & Cleaning

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Selected Reading On Masonry Restoration And Cleaning


This standard includes a listing of some known sources that may be
referenced for additional information on specific issues relating
to this subject.


-    Brick Institute of America.  "Cleaning Brick Masonry."
         Technical Notes on Brick Construction (No. 20) rev.,
         November, 1990.

-    Bryant, Terry.  "Protecting Exterior Masonry from Water
         Damage:  Moisture Control Procedures & Products."
         Technology & Conservation, Spring 1978, pp. 38-42.

-    Bullock, Orin M.  "Brick, Adobe, Stone and Architectural
         Ceramics:  Problems and Techniques of Preservation."
         Preservation and Conservation:  Principles and Practices.
         Proceedings of the North American International Regional
         Conference 1972.  Washington, D.C.:  The Preservation
         Press, 1976, pp. 131-141.

-    Cotton, J. Randall.  "Blasted... Now What?"  The Old-House
         Journal, January/February 1987, pp. 38-41.

-    Evans, Al and Steve Santaguida.  "Bond-Beam Construction;
         Reinforced Masonry for Seismic Damage."  The Old-House
         Journal, March/April 1991, pp. 44-48.

-    Ferro, Max, with Derek H. Tralstad.  "[Maintenance Case
         Study:] Aetna's Home Office."  Building Renovation,
         September/October 1992, pp. 54-60.

-    Fidler, John.  "Stain Reaction."  Traditional Homes.  November
         1988, pp. 127,129.

-    Gale, Frances.  "Measurement of Water Absorption."  APT
         Bulletin, Vol. XXI, No. 3/4, 1989, pp. 8-9.

-    Grimmer, Anne E.  "Dangers of Abrasive Cleaning to Historic
         Buildings."  Preservation Briefs #6.  Washington, D.C.:
         U.S. Department of the Interior, 1979.

-    Herman, Frederick.  "Masonry Repointing."  The Old-House
         Journal, June 1979, pp. 61, 66-68.

-    Huff, Matt.  "Repairing Old Chimneys."  The Old-House Journal,
         May 1977, pp. 49-52.

-    Labine, Clem.  "Terra Cotta Replacement:  Is It Real, Or Is It
         GFRC?"  Traditional Building, May/June 1994, Vol. 7, No.
         3, pp. 9-15.

-    LeBold, Diane and Ken Fisher, Jr.  "Repointing Stonework."
         The Old-House Journal, July/August 1991, pp. 38-41.

-    Lynch, Michael F. and William J. Higgins.  "(The) Maintenance
         and Repair of Architectural Sandstone."  New York
         Landmarks Conservancy, 1982.

-    Mack, Robert C.  "(The) Cleaning and Waterproof Coating of
         Masonry Buildings."  Preservation Briefs #1.  Washington,
         D.C.:  U.S. Department of the Interior, 1975.

-    Mack, Robert C., de Teel Patterson Tiller and James S. Askins.
         "Repointing Mortar Joints in Historic Brick Buildings."
         Preservation Briefs #2.  Washington, D.C.:  U.S.
         Department of the Interior, 1980.

-    Poore, Patricia.  "Stripping Exterior Masonry."  The Old-House
         Journal, January/February 1985, pp. 1, 26-28.

-    Prudon, Theodore.  "Removing Stains From Masonry."  The Old-
         House Journal, May 1977, pp. 58-59.

-    "Repointing, An Annotated Master Specification for the
         Repointing of Historic Masonry."  Technical Notes 5,
         Communique, Vol. XIV (2).  Prepared for the Association
         of Preservation Technology by the Heritage Branch of the
         Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Culture, 1982.

-    Staehli, Alfred M.  "Appropriate Water Pressures For Masonry
         Cleaning - What Do the Numbers Mean?"  APT Bulletin, Vol.
         XVIII, No. 4, 1986, pp. 10-17.

-    Technical Staff, OHJ.  "Restorer's Notebook:  Tidying Marble."
         The Old-House Journal, August/September 1983, p. 151.

-    Stewart, John and James Moore.  "Chemical Techniques of
         Historic Mortar Analysis."  APT Bulletin, Vol. XIV, No.
         1, 1982, pp. 11-16.

-    Stockbridge, Jerry G.  "Repointing Masonry Walls."  APT
         Bulletin, Vol. XXI, No. 1, 1989, pp. 10-12.

-    Strangstad, Lynette.  "How to Clean and Polish Marble."  The
         Old-House Journal, October 1982, pp. 208-211.

-    ________.  "Patching Limestone & Marble, A Step-by-Step
         Guide."  The Old-House Journal, July 1982, pp. 133, 143-147.

-    Tiller, de Teel Patterson.  "The Preservation of Historic
         Glazed Architectural Terra Cotta."  Preservation Briefs
         #7.  Washington, D.C.:  U.S. Department of the Interior,

-    Tindall, Susan M.  "Repointing Masonry - Why Repoint?"  The
         Old-House Journal, January/February, pp. 24-26.

-    "(The) Use of Pneumatic Tools in repointing Historic Masonry."
         Technical Note 8, Communique, Vol. XV (1).  Association
         for Preservation Technology, 1983.

-    Torraca, Giorgio.  "Brick, Adobe, Stone and Architectural
         Ceramics:  Deterioration Processes and Conservation
         Practices."  Preservation and Conservation:  Principles
         and Practices.  Proceedings of the North American
         International Regional Conference 1972.  Washington,
         D.C.:  The Preservation Press, 1976, pp. 143-165.

-    Trelstad, Derek H.  "[Repair Case Study:] Limestone Cladding."
         Building Renovation, September/October 1992, pp. 42-47.

-    Weaver, Martin E.  "Cleaning and Conserving Decorative
         Interior Marblework."  The Interior's Handbook for
         Historic Buildings, Vol. 2.  Washington, D.C.:  Historic
         Preservation Education Foundation, 1993, pp. 3-1 - 3-14.

-    Weiss, Norman R.  "Cleaning of Building Exteriors:  Problems
         and Procedures of Dirt Removal."  Technology &
         Conservation, Fall 1976, pp. 8-13.

-    Woroch, Gregory S.  "How to Repoint."  The Old-House Journal,
         January/February 1987, pp. 27-31.


-    Addleson, Lyall.  Building Failures, A Guide to Diagnosis,
         Remedy and Prevention.  2nd ed. London:  Butterworth
         Architecture, 1989.

-    Ashurst, John & Nicola.  Practical Building Conservation.
         Vol. 1:  Stone Masonry.  New York:  Halsted Press, 1988.

-    ________.  Practical Building Conservation.  Vol. 2:  Brick,
         Terracotta & Earth.  new York:  Halsted Press, 1988.

-    ________.  Practical Building Conservation.  Vol. 3:  Mortars,
         Plasters & Renders.  New York:  Halsted Press, 1988.

-    Association for Preservation Technology.  "Masonry
         Conservation and Cleaning."  APT Pre-conference training
         course, APT Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada,
         September 16-19, 1984.

-    Belle, John, John R. Hoke, and Stephen A. Kliment, eds.
         Traditional Details for Building Restoration, Renovation,
         and Rehabilitation; From the 1932-1951 Editions of
         "Architectural Graphic Standards".  New York:  John Wiley
         & Sons, Inc., 1991.

-    Clifton, James R., ed.  Cleaning Stone and Masonry, ASTM STP
         935.  Philadelphia:  ASTM, 1986.

-    Clifton, James R., and M. Gadette.  The Use of Sealants in
         Masonry Joints.  Washington, D.C.:  U.S. Department of
         Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, 1982.

-    Grimmer, Anne E.  A Glossary of Historic Masonry Deterioration
         Problems and Preservation Treatments.  Washington, D.C.:
         U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service,
         Preservation Assistance Division, 1984.

-    Grimmer, Anne E.  Keeping It Clean; Removing Exterior Dirt,
         Paint, Stains and Graffiti from Historic Masonry
         Buildings.  Washington, D.C.:  U.S. Department of the
         Interior, 1988.

-    Kellermeyer, Kenneth B., and Ian R. Chin.  "Lessons Learned
         From Investigations of Over 500 Distressed Masonry and
         Stone Facades."  Building Performance:  Function,
         Preservation and Rehabilitation, ASTM STP 901.
         Philadelphia:  American Society for Testing and
         Materials, 1986, pp. 152-164.

-    London, Mark.  How To Care for Old and Historic Brick and
         Stone.  Washington, D.C.:  The Preservation Press, 1988.

-    Mack, Robert C., and James S. Askins.  The Repointing of
         Historic Masonry Buildings.  Alatoona:  Sermac, Inc.,

-    McKee, Harley J.  Introduction to Early American Masonry.
         Washington, D.C.:  National Trust for Historic
         Preservation, 1973.

-    National Research Council.  Conservation of Historic Stone
         Buildings and Monuments.  Report of the Committee on
         Conservation of Historic Stone Buildings and Monuments.
         Washington, D.C.:  National Academy Press, 1982.

-    Smith, Baird M.  Moisture Problems in Historic Masonry Walls:
         Diagnosis and Treatment.  Washington, D.C.:  U.S.
         Department of the Interior, n.d.

-    Vieux Carre Masonry Maintenance Guidelines.  New Orleans:
         Vieux Carre Commission, 1977.

-    Weaver, Martin E., with F. G. Matero.  Conserving Buildings:
         Guide to Techniques and Materials.  New York:  John Wiley
         & Sons, Inc., 1993.


-    Bleekman, III, George M., et. al.  "Twentieth Century Building
         Materials:  1900-1950:  An Annotated Bibliography."
         Washington, D.C.:  Preservation Assistance Division,
         National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior;
         and, Murfreesboro, TN:  Middle Tennessee State
         University, 1993.

-    Carosino, Catherine, et. al.  "Historic Masonry Deterioration
         and Repair Techniques:  An Annotated Bibliography."
         Washington, D.C.:  Preservation Assistance Division,
         National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior;
         and, Murfreesboro, TN:  Middle Tennessee State
         University, 1993.

                         END OF SECTION