Properties And Uses Of Calcimine Paint
- Procedure code:
- Interior's Handbook For Historic Interiors - Vol. Ii
- Last Modified:
This standard includes guidance on the preparation of calcimine paint. It also includes general information on its composition, characteristics, advantages, disadvantages and uses.
- Water-based paint.
- Whiting (ground chalk) is the primary pigment in calcimine
- Sometimes tinted.
- Also known as Kalsomine or distemper.
- Similar to whitewash paint.
- Dissolves with water.
- Fairly easy to make.
- Easy to apply.
- Easy to remove, requiring only water and elbow grease.
- Non-yellowing (because there is no oil binder).
- Effective in adhering to masonry surfaces.
- Effective in covering rough plaster surfaces.
- Well-suited for walls and ceilings.
- Moisture and abrasion sensitive.Requires frequent maintenance.
- Recoating requires complete removal of the first coat as application of a second coat tends to dissolve the glue binder and lift the first coat from the surface.
- Can not be washed as it is water-soluble.
- Traditionally used as an interior finish to whiten walls andceilings.
- Used on plaster or masonry-type surfaces.
- Applied in one heavy coat, as the application of multiple coats tends to soften the glue binder.
- Applied with wide brushes.
- May be coated over with oil-base paint. Latex paint (since it is water-base) can NOT be used over calcimine paint. Water-base paint will cause the calcimine to soften and eventually peel.
- Whiting (chalk crushed to a powder) is mixed with glue size binder and water to make a paste.
Prepared Dutch Kalsomine is available from Johnson Paint Company, 355 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02115, 617/536-4838. It is manufactured by the Muralo Company of Bayonne, New Jersey.