Historic Preservation - Technical Procedures
Removing And Disposing Of Pcb-Containing Light Ballasts
Federal Building/Uspo, Spokane, Wa - Gsa/Pbs
Hazardous Material Abatement
Removing And Disposing Of Pcb-Containing Light Ballasts
REMOVING AND DISPOSING OF PCB CONTAINING LIGHT BALLASTS
A. This specification applies to Polychlorinated Biphenyls
(PCB) containing light ballasts to be removed,
transported and disposed of in off-site Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) approved treatment, storage, and
disposal facilities which have been approved by handling
PCB. This Contractor shall provide all work herein.
1. The fixtures with PCB containing light ballasts
will be taken down and stacked in construction
staging area by Electrical Contractor.
2. Removal of ballasts shall be performed in the
staging area by Abatement Contractor.
3. General Contractor shall dispose of remaining
fixtures after ballasts are removed as general
B. The work includes the following:
1. Partial dismantling of light fixtures and
separation of ballasts to permit ballast removal
and total removal of ballast from fixture.
2. Cleaning of any PCB contamination or fixtures
3. Placement of all PCB or PCB contaminated items
generated as a result of work activities in
approved disposal containers.
4. Marking and labeling of all PCB Articles and Items
5. Transportation of all PCB Articles, Items and
Container to EPA approved off-site treatment,
storage, and disposal facilities. Treatment
facility shall be approved for disposal of PCB
waster prior to transportation of PCB waste.
6. Provide properly filled out Uniform Hazardous Waste
Manifest from the transporter and certificate of
destruction from the treatment, storage, and
7. Abatement Contractor shall pay all necessary fees
and permits related to the removal, handling,
transportation and disposal of PCB articles and
A. Submit complete lists of all materials and equipment
proposed for use in the work. List shall include such
items as protective clothing, breathing apparatus,
sorbents, solvents, drums, Article and Item containers,
etc. Give name of manufacturer, brand name and catalog
number of each item where applicable. In addition, of
material safety data sheets, OSHA Form 20 or equivalent
for all materials for which such data sheets are
B. Submit listing addresses of Hazardous Materials clean up
Agencies, twenty-four hour manned telephone numbers,
personnel working on project home telephone numbers by
C. Submit method of removal and routes to be taken to
exterior and loading area required.
D. Submit completed PCB Waste Manifest.
E. Submit a Statement of Qualifications for review and
approval. The Contractor shall submit the statement
sufficiently far in advance of the performance of the
work as to permit adequate time for the consultants to
review and accept a firm to perform the work. The
Statement shall provide sufficient data and information
to prove to the satisfaction of the consultant that the
firm performing the work of this section is fully
experienced in the removal, handling, transportation, and
storage of PCB and PCB contaminated Articles and Items.
1.03 QUALITY ASSURANCE
1. Single Party Responsibility: The firm performing
the work of this section shall be responsible for,
all the PCB related activities as noted on the
drawings and included herein.
a. The Contractor shall provide the services of a
qualified PCB Service Supervisor.
b. All PCB-related work including separating of
ballasts from light fixtures and handling of
PCB items or fluids of any type shall be under
the direct supervision of a qualified PCB
Services Supervisor. No movement of handling
of PCB fluids, solids or other PCB items or
material shall take place unless so directed
by the PCB Supervisor under the authority of,
or as ordered by, the GSA Contracting Officer.
c. The qualification of the PCB Supervisor shall
1) Prior attendance at and satisfactory
completion of an examination following a
documented formalized training course on
regulations and procedures for handling,
marking, transportation, disposal spill
prevention/clean-up, safety precautions,
and testing of PCB items.
2) Training in and awareness of obligations
and responsibilities for protection of
people, property and environment from
hazardous waste exposure or
B. Regulatory Requirements:
1. License Requirements: The firm performing the work
of this section must be currently licensed by the
applicable regulatory agency and have a current EPA
authorization number for the transporting and
hauling of extremely hazardous wastes including
2. Applicable Regulations: The applicable sections,
latest editions and addenda of the following
government regulations, codes, industry standards
and recommended practice, form a part of these
applications. Nothing in these specifications is
to be construed as permitting work not conforming
to these requirements.
a. EPA -Environmental Protection Agency
b. DOT - Department of Transportation
c. NEC - National Electric Code
d. NEMA - National Electrical Manufacturers
e. All other applicable Federal, State, County
Codes, Standards and Regulation.
3. The Contractor is cautioned that he is responsible
for ascertaining the extent to which these
regulations effect the operations and to comply
4. Safety Procedures and Worker Protection:
a. Work Area Protection and Marking: Prior to
commencing any PCB related work activities
provide barricades, and warning signs to
clearly identify and effectively guard against
unauthorized entry into work area.
b. Protective Clothing and Equipment: At all
times when PCB materials in any volume are not
sealed in drums, containers or electrical
equipment, workers shall wear:
1) Disposable, nonporous gloves.
2) Disposable whole body clothing
impermeable to PCB's.
3) Respiratory protection (NIOSH/MSHA
approved) against organic vapors and
particulates (at least the level of
particulate protection required at the
stage of work for asbestos protection.)
4) Eye protection.
c. The Contractor shall provide protective
clothing, eye protection and respiratory
protection as required for Government
inspection Personnel monitoring work
activities within the work area and for
firefighters responding to incidents. Provide
protective clothing, eye protection and
respiratory protection as necessary.
d. Personnel Protection and Procedures: The PCB
work area shall at no time be left unattended
after procedures have begun and until ballasts
and incidents have been sealed in approved
containers. If immediate transportation to
the PCB disposal facility is not feasible, the
work area must be secured in a manner approved
by the Contracting Officer. During procedures
and at all times when PCB ballasts or mixtures
in any volume are not sealed in drums,
containers or electrical equipment, all
personnel entering the work area must wear
protective clothing and use equipment listed
herein. Upon exiting the work area, all
disposable protective clothing shall be placed
in open-top drums, sealed and removed from
building property when other materials in the
same area are removed.
1.04 SEQUENCING AND SCHEDULING
A. Coordinate ballast removal with General Contractor.
B. Remove ballasts from fixtures located to staging area
prior to completion of Renovation phase of work. Do not
allow ballasts to stockpile at staging area for more than
the duration of the current phase of work.
A. Storage Containers:
1. All ballasts containing PCB material shall be
stored in sealed DOT 17R closed top drums.
2. All PCB solid wastes, and items including
disposable items used in the course of the work
such as rags, sorbents, protective clothing, shall
be stored in sealed DOT 17C open type drums.
B. Solvents, Sorbents and Cleaners:
1. Solvents: Diesel fuel, deodorized kerosene or
other solvents recognized for a high degree of PCB
2. Sorbents: Material recognized for a high degree of
3. Liquid Cleaners: Concentrated liquid alkaline base
3.01 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Containerization and Marking:
1. All liquids generated as a result of work
activities and clean up operation shall be placed
in closed top drums and sealed.
2. All solids such as sorbents, rags, disposable
protective clothing, and other incidentals shall be
placed in open drums and sealed.
3. All drums (and article containers where used) shall
be permanently marked as to specific contents and
dated. In addition, each drum (and container)
shall be marked with the standard EPA, PCB, ML
4. All PCB articles such as ballasts and other
equipment to be removed shall have a record of such
action sealed in a weatherproof envelope displayed
on the unit. Label record must include the type of
action, date of action and the name of the
technician in charge. A duplication of this label
information shall be furnished to the Contracting
B. Handling of Hazardous Waste: Prior to submitting the
hazardous waste manifest for a shipment of waste to the
Contracting Officer for signature, the Contractor shall
make available the transport vehicle and the waste for
inspection by the Contracting Officer so that the
Contracting Officer can check the amount of waste (for
example, number of bags or drums, or volume of waste) and
its condition (for example, whether the bags or drums
appear to be sealed and not leaking).
C. Transportation to Waste Disposal Facility:
a. All PCB Articles such as ballasts all drums
containing liquids, solids and incidentals
shall be transported to the off-site PCB
b. The firm performing the work outlined in this
section shall be licensed for the
transportation and hauling of extremely
hazardous wastes. The firm shall provide a
routing plan which clearly identifies the
routes he proposes to follow while
transporting PCB Items from the various work
area (point of generation) to the off-site PCB
c. A minimum of two operators shall be in
attendance at all times when PCB items are
being loaded and unloaded.
d. Vehicles used for transporting of PCB Items
must be plainly and visibly marked with a
minimum of four EPA type ML PCB labels.
e. Vehicles shall not be loaded in excess of 75%
of rate load capacity.
2. Drums: All closed and open top drums must be
permanently sealed and marked prior to loading on
transport vehicle. Filled drums shall be loaded on
the transport vehicle by any of the following
a. By a hoist or lift truck utilizing a two-point
b. By a hoist or lift truck provided with a band-
around type drum lifter.
c. By a lift truck lifting the drums from
underneath by a pallet attached to the drum by
a banding arrangement.
3. Drums shall not be lifted by:
a. Any rope, chain or cloth slings tied about the
b. Placement of drums on bare-lift truck forks,
c. Forcing drums between forks of a lift truck,
d. Any commercial drum lifters exerting force on
the sides of a drum.
4. All drums or Article containers shall be secured to
the transport vehicle to prevent movement in
D. Unloading and Records:
1. Unloading and Placement in Storage:
a. Immediately following unloading of the PCB
transport vehicle, the cargo area shall be
inspected to check for any fluid leaks. If
any fluid leaks are found, the source of the
leaking drum of item shall be identified and
b. The contaminated cargo area shall be
thoroughly cleaned with sorbents, solvents and
liquid cleaner. Cleaning solvents and solids
shall be placed in proper drums.
2. Upon completion of all PCB work related activities
the firm performing the work outlined in this
section shall provide a complete record and storage
data to the Contracting Officer. The record shall
include the following data:
a. Name of the firm performing the work outlined
in this section and technician in charge.
b. Ballasts and Electrical Equipment removed:
1) Manufacturer and serial number.
2) Date removed from service and location.
3) Date placed in disposal site.
4) Weight in pounds.
c. Drums (and article containers where
1) Drum size (30 or 55 gallons).
2) Identification of contents, i.e.,
ballasts, cleaning solvents, etc.; for
solids, rags, sorbents, etc.
3) Weight in kilograms of contents of each
drum (or container).
4) Date items were destroyed and location
d. The contract work will not be considered
complete until receipt of listed record data
by the Contracting Officer.
e. Hazardous waste manifest(s) signed by the
Contractor, additional transporter(s),
transferer(s) and/or treater(s), and by the
disposal facility(ies) shall be provided to
the Contracting Officer within ten (10) days
of the time at which the hazardous materials
are received at the disposal facility.
f. Completed certificate(s) of destruction signed
by the Contractor, the disposal facility(ies),
additional transporter(s), transferer(s)
and/or treater(s), and the destruction
facility(ies) shall be provided to the
Contracting Officer within ten (10) days of
the time at which the hazardous materials are
destroyed. For any state requiring
registration of hazardous waste hauling
vehicles and/or hazardous waste hauling
drivers, the Contractor shall provide proof
that all such vehicles and/or hazardous waste
hauling drivers used in the contract are
A. Clean-up of Work Area, PCB Articles and Spills:
1. Equipment and Tools: After the last ballast is
removed from fixture, all tools and equipment used
in the work shall be decontaminated and properly
stored for reuse.
a. Where work surfaces have contacted PCB fluids
they shall be scraped clean, flushed with
solvent, wiped clean and all debris placed in
open type drums.
b. All tools that may have some in contact with
PCB at any concentration shall be thoroughly
flushed with solvent, wiped clean and properly
2. PCB Articles (Electrical Equipment): All exterior
surfaces of electrical equipment to be removed that
may have come in contact with PCB's or contaminated
oils or fluids either during the course of work
activities or due to past leaks shall be thoroughly
cleaned with solvent and wiped clean.
3. Slabs, Floors, and Walls: All concrete (or other
surfaces) which have come in contact with PCB's or
PCB mixtures in the course of the work as a result
of past leaks shall be thoroughly cleaned using a
combination of sorbent, solvent and cleaners.
4. Where feasible, the Contractor shall arrange to
remove such Articles directly to transport vehicles
prior to general clean-up.
5. Remainder of fixture shall be disposed of by
A. Prerequisites to Submittal Completion:
1. General: Prior to requesting inspection for
certification of substantial completion for either
entire work of portions hereof, complete the
following and list known exceptions in request.
a. Complete testing final air clearance,
discontinue and remove from project site
temporary facilities and services, along with
construction tools and facilities.
B. Prerequisites to Final Acceptance:
1. General: Prior to requesting final inspection for
certification of final acceptance and final
payment, as required by General Provisions and
Conditions, complete the following and list known
exceptions (if any) in request:
a. Submit record as built drawings and similar
final record information.
b. Submit completed asbestos waste manifest.
c. Submit completed PCB waste manifest.
d. Submit employee air monitoring records.
e. Submit employee log-in/log-out form.
END OF SECTION