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Historic Preservation - Technical Procedures
Procedures For Removing Asbestos-Containing Materials
Federal Building/Uspo, Spokane, Wa - Gsa/Pbs
Hazardous Material Abatement
Procedures For Removing Asbestos-Containing Materials
PROCEDURES FOR REMOVING ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIALS
A. This procedure covers the abatement of potential hazards
relating to materials previously determined to contain
asbestos and includes all work, materials and equipment
1. Remove asbestos-containing materials in negative
2. Remove asbestos-containing materials using the
3. Encapsulate asbestos-containing materials.
CAUTION: IF SIGNIFICANT HISTORIC MATERIALS ARE DETERMINED
TO CONTAIN ASBESTOS, THE REGIONAL HISTORIC PRESERVATION
OFFICER MUST APPROVE REMOVAL. THIS MIGHT INCLUDE
ASBESTOS-CONTAINING HISTORIC PLASTER, SHINGLES, TILE,
A. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100
Barr Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428, (610) 832-9585
or FAX (610) 832-9555.
1. E 849-82 Safety and Health Requirements Relating to
Occupational Exposure to Asbestos.
B. American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI), 1430
Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
1. Z9.2-79 Fundamentals Governing the Design and
Operation of Local Exhaust Systems.
2. Z288.2-80 Practices for Respiratory Protection
C. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR):
1. 29CFR 1910.1001, Occupational Safety and Health Act
2. 29CFR 1910.20, Subpart C, General Safety and Health
3. 34CFR, Part 231, Appendix C, Procedures for
Containing and Removal Building Materials
4. 40CFR 61, Subparts A and M (NESHAPS): U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency.
5. 29CFR 1910.134: OSHA Respirator Requirements.
6. 29CFR 1926.58 Asbestos, Tremolite, Enthothlylite
D. Local Requirements which govern asbestos abatement work
or hauling and disposal of asbestos waste materials.
E. EPA Guidance Documents which discuss asbestos abatement
work or hauling and disposal of asbestos waste materials
are listed below for the contractor's information only.
These documents do not describe the work and are not a
part of the work of this document. EPA maintains and
information number (800) 334-8571. Publications can be
ordered from (800) 424-9065 (555-1404) in Washington,
1. Guidance for Controlling Asbestos-Containing
Materials in Buildings (Purple Book) EPA
2. Friable Asbestos-Containing Materials in Schools:
Identification and Notification Rule 40CFR Part
3. Evaluations of the EPA Asbestos-in-Schools
Identification and Notification Rule EPA
4. Asbestos in Buildings: Guidance for Service and
Maintenance Personnel EPA 560/5-85-018.
5. Asbestos Waste Management Guidance EPA
6. Asbestos Fact Book EPA Office of Public Affairs
Asbestos in Buildings. Simplified Sampling Scheme
for Friable Surfacing Materials.
7. Commercial Laboratories with Polarized Light
Microscopy Capabilities for Bulk Asbestos
1. Abatement: Procedures to control fiber release from
asbestos-containing building materials. Includes
removal, enclosure and encapsulation.
2. Airlock: A system for permitting ingress or egress
of personnel or equipment without permitting
movement of contaminated air between a contaminated
area and an uncontaminated area; typically
consisting of two curtained doorways far enough
apart to allow all activities to occur within the
airlock without workers or equipment contacting the
walls or doorways.
3. Air Monitoring: The process of measuring the
asbestos fiber content of a volume of air using
National Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health (NIOSH) method 7400 "A", Transmission
Electron Microscopy (TEM) using NIOSH method 7402,
or other method approved by the Contracting
Officer. Flow rate and sample volume shall be in
accordance with the method chosen.
4. Air monitoring Technician: A person qualified by
training or experience to collect air samples for
asbestos. Must be familiar with sampling
techniques, sampling equipment, calibration
procedures and work practices useful for
controlling air contamination.
5. Amended Water: Water to which a surfactant has been
6. Asbestos-Containing Waste (including
asbestos-contaminated materials): Materials
(including construction equipment and materials)
either containing more than 1% by weight of
asbestos, or contaminated with asbestos to a degree
that handling the materials may reasonably be
expected to give rise to exposure to airborne
7. Authorized Visitor: The Contracting Officer or a
representative of any regulatory or other agency
having jurisdiction over the project.
8. Certified Asbestos Supervisor: An individual
certified by the Washington State Department of
Labor and Industries under WAC 296-65-012. This
person shall be capable of identifying existing
asbestos hazards in the work place and have the
authority to take prompt corrective measures to
eliminate them, as specified in WAC 296-62-202(6).
The duties of the asbestos supervisor include at
least the following: Establishing the
negative-pressure enclosure, mini-enclosure, glove
bag, or any other engineering control used in an
asbestos removal or encapsulation operation;
ensuring the integrity of the control being used;
supervising any employee monitoring required by the
standard; ensuring that all employees involved in
removal or encapsulation of asbestos wear the
appropriate protective equipment, are trained in
the use of appropriate methods of exposure control,
and use the hygiene facilities and decontamination
procedures specified in the standard; and ensuring
that engineering controls in use are in proper
operating condition and are functioning properly.
9. Certified Asbestos Worker: An individual who has
successfully completed at basic course of at least
32 hours on the health and safety aspects of the
removal and encapsulation of asbestos including,
but not limited to, Federal and State standards
regarding protective clothing, respirator use,
disposal, air monitoring, cleaning, and
decontamination. That person is issued a
certificate by the Washington State Department of
Labor and Industries and becomes a Qualified
10. Certified Industrial Hygienist (C.I.H.): An
industrial hygienist certified in Comprehensive
Practice by the American Board of Industrial
11. Clean Room: An uncontaminated room which is part of
the work decontamination enclosure system and
adjoins uncontaminated areas of the building, with
provisions for storage of workers' street clothes
and clean protective equipment.
12. Clearance: Refers to the point in time at which the
airborne asbestos fiber concentration in the area
has been shown to be acceptable for re-entry of
personnel without respiratory or other personal
13. Containment Barrier: An air-tight barrier,
consisting of walls, floors and/or ceilings of
sealed plastic sheeting, surrounding and sealing
the outer perimeter of the work area.
14. Contaminated Area: The work area or any other area
of the building with either an airborne asbestos
level equal to or above 0.01 fibers/cc or visible
uncontained deposits of asbestos-containing
15. Contaminated/Equipment Room: A contaminated area or
room within the decontamination enclosure system
which adjoins the work area, with provisions for
storage of contaminated clothing or equipment.
16. Contracting Officer: The person with the authority
to enter into, administer, and/or terminate
contracts and make related determinations and
findings. The term includes certain authorized
representatives of the Contracting Officer acting
within the limits of their authority as delegated
by the Contracting Officer.
17. Curtained Doorway: A device to allow passage of
personnel or equipment from one room to another
while restricting air movement between the rooms;
typically constructed by placing two or three
overlapping sheets of plastic completely over an
existing or temporarily framed doorway. The top of
each sheet is secured along the top of the doorway,
and opposing vertical edges of the sheets are
secured along vertical sides of the doorway.
18. Decontamination Enclosure System: A system
typically consisting of a clean room, an
equipment/waste removal room, a shower, and a
contaminated/equipment room (each separated from
adjoining spaces by curtained doorways), permitting
workers, equipment and waste to exit or be removed
from contaminated areas without carrying out
asbestos fibers to uncontaminated areas.
19. Disposal: All procedures necessary to transport the
asbestos-contaminated material removed from the
building and deposit it in a waste disposal site in
compliance with applicable Federal, State, and
20. Disposal Site: A site approved by the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state and
local hazardous waste control agencies for the
disposal of asbestos-containing wastes. (Class I or
21. Encapsulation: All procedures necessary to coat all
asbestos-containing materials with an encapsulant
to prevent the dispersal of asbestos fibers into
22. Enclosure: All procedures necessary to enclose all
asbestos-containing materials behind an air-tight
barrier with no anticipation of, or provision for,
penetration of the enclosure for maintenance or any
23. Equipment/Waste Removal Room: A room within the
decontamination enclosure system which is between
the shower room and the uncontaminated area. A room
through which decontaminated equipment and waste
containers are removed.
24. Glove Bag: Clean plastic bags made for removing
asbestos-containing pipe lagging with attached
gloves and tool pouch.
25. Fixed Object: A unit of equipment or furniture in
the work area or beneath the work area which cannot
be removed from the work area.
26. HEPA Filter: A High Efficiency Particulate Absolute
filter capable of trapping and retaining 99.97% of
particles with aerodynamic equivalent diameters
greater than or equal to 0.3 micrometers.
27. HEPA Vacuum Equipment: Vacuuming equipment equipped
with a HEPA filter in the exhaust outlet, and so
designed and maintained that 99.97% of particles
with aerodynamic equivalent diameters greater than
or equal to 0.3 micrometers in the inlet air are
collected and retained. In no case shall the HEPA
vacuum equipment permit the discharge of air
containing more than 0.01 fibers/cc.
28. Industrial Hygienist: A person qualified by
training and/or experience to specify measures for
the recognition, evaluation, and control of
occupational health hazards. In this experience
(satisfactory to the Contracting Officer) in the
management of asbestos exposure reduction.
29. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS): Information on
a product, supplied by the manufacturer, which
provides the information listed in 29 CFR 1910.1200
30. Movable Object: A unit of equipment or furniture in
or beneath the work area which can be removed.
31. Negative Pressure: A minimum pressure differential
of 0.02 inch of water column relative to areas
adjacent to the work area, or such other measure or
observation as specified by the Contracting
Officer. Equipment used to maintain negative
pressure shall be HEPA-filtered, and shall permit
discharge of no more than 0.01 fibers/cc in the
exhaust air stream.
32. Overlapped Joint Doorway: A joint (seam) in the
plastic, overlapped by 36 inches or more, used for
worker and material entrance and exit from the
containment barrier around a removal operation.
33. Post-Abatement Surface Sealer (Encapsulant): A
liquid which can be applied to surfaces from which
asbestos has been removed and which controls the
possible release of residual fibers from the
surface by penetrating into the material and
binding its components together.
34. Removal: All procedures necessary to remove
asbestos-containing materials from designated areas
in a safe manner, and dispose of these materials at
a disposal site.
35. Shower Room: A room between the clean room and the
equipment room in the worker decontamination
enclosure system, with hot and cold or warm running
water suitably arranged for complete showering and
washing of equipment during decontamination. The
shower room comprises an airlock between
contaminated and dean areas.
36. Smoke Tube Method: A method of qualitatively
testing the direction and velocity of air flows
utilizing titanium tetrachloride (or equivalent)
ventilation smoke tubes.
37. Surfactant: A chemical wetting agent added to water
to improve penetration, thus reducing the amount of
water required for a given operation or area, and
enhancing the effect of the water in reducing fiber
38. Transport: Hauling of asbestos-containing wastes
from the building to the disposal site and deposit
of the wastes therein by a firm currently approved
by the EPA for the transport of hazardous wastes
and approved by any state or local agencies having
39. Wet Cleaning: The process of eliminating asbestos
contamination from building surfaces and objects by
using cloths and mops or other cleaning tools that
have been dampened with clean water.
40. Work Area: An isolated area or the building where
the abatement activities are performed, isolated
from non-work areas by negative pressure, and a
containment barrier and, depending on the type of
removal, a decontamination enclosure system. The
inside of the barrier and of the decontamination
enclosure system are part of the work area.
A. Product Data: Submit complete product information for
any materials and products for which the Contractor
requests approval for use on this Job. This shall include
1. Product Data: Submit manufacturer's technical
information including label analysis and
application instructions for each material proposed
2. Performance Warrantee: Submit manufacturers
3. Material Safety Data Sheet: Submit the Material
Safety Data Sheet, or equivalent for each
surfactant and encapsulating material proposed for
use on the work. Include a separate attachment for
each sheet indicating the specific worker
protective equipment proposed for use with the
B. Design Data/Test Reports/Certificates: Submit following
information to General Contractor for inclusion into bid
package as required. Submit following information as part
of project submittals.
1. Qualifications and Experience: A statement which
demonstrates the Contractors qualifications and
experience, which shall include, as minimum, the
a. Name and location of at least three asbestos
abatement projects the size and complexity
similar to this project performed by the
Contractor, including name and telephone
number of contract representative.
b. Copies of pages from daily logs and monitoring
reports including final decontamination
levels, of the last two abatement projects of
the size and complexity similar to this
project. Logs and monitoring reports shall
cover a minimum of five consecutive work days
for at least the different periods during
construction. The intent of this documentation
is to provide sufficient quantity and detail
to clearly demonstrate adequacy of and
familiarity with this reporting procedure.
c. Name of and experience recorded of
superintendent and foreman. Include evidence
of knowledge of applicable regulations;
evidence of participation and successful
completion of EPA approved training course in
asbestos removal and/or supervision of
asbestos related work; and experience with
asbestos related work in a supervisory
position as evidenced through supervision of
at least two asbestos abatement contracts.
d. Name and experience of workmen who will be
assigned to this project. Include for each
person the location of last two abatement
projects, and evidence of successful
completion of in-house training given by
qualified superintendent or foreman, or its
equivalent. Provide copy of in-house training
course outline and attendance record for all
employees who will be working on the project
with Project Submittals.
e. Submit with Project Submittals written proof
indicating that all employees have had
certification training as required under
Washington State law and written proof that
the designated Certified Asbestos Supervisor
(CAS) has certification of CAS training as
required under Washington State law.
Photocopies of CAW cards and CAS certification
will be acceptable.
2. A statement of the qualifications and experience of
the Certified Industrial Hygienist and
air-monitoring technicians. Include the following
a. A record of experience qualifying the
Certified Industrial Hygienist as a
professional and specialist in asbestos
abatement. As a minimum this shall include a
resume, review of previous industrial hygiene
experience in worker training, in asbestos
abatement projects including the name and
address of the purchaser of the service,
location of the work performed, and a review
of the industrial hygiene activities performed
for each job.
b. Submit, for each technician who will collect
and document air quality on this project, a
description of his/her training in asbestos
air monitoring and a review of previous air
monitoring experience in asbestos removal
projects, including the name and address of
the purchaser of the service, location of the
work performed and a review of all air
monitoring and other inspection activities
performed for each job.
c. Submit a statement for each person who may be
doing analysis indicating the qualifications,
training program and experience in asbestos
air sample analysis, analytical methods used,
dates of training, and average number of
asbestos samples analyzed per month in the
last year. Also indicate what percentage of
samples the Contractor proposes to analyze on
site for this project.
d. A statement indicating the industrial
hygienist's and/or air-monitoring technician's
degree of authority for this project for
effecting corrective actions (such as stop
work orders) deemed necessary in his/her
e. Submit proof of accreditation by the American
Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) for
asbestos work and certification that persons
analyzing the samples have been judged
proficient by successful participation in the
National Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health (NIOSH) Proficiency Analytical Testing
(PAT) Program, shall be considered sufficient
proof of compliance. Submittal must be
approved by the Contracting Officer prior to
beginning any testing. Accreditation by the
National Voluntary Laboratory Analytical
Program (NVLAP) is required if transmission
electron microscopy (TEM) is conducted for
3. Negative Air Machine System patent License: The
specified system for asbestos containment and
removal using reduced pressurization and filtration
is covered by U.S. Patent No. 4,604,111, issued
August 5,1986 and reaffirmed by the United States
Patent and Trademark Office before the Board of
Patent Appeals and Interferences on March 31,1989.
a. All potential Contractors using the system
shall provide for the use of the
above-referenced patent, under this contract,
by submitting written proof of a current
license, prior to Opening of the Contractors
b. All inquiries with respect to the scope of
aforementioned patent, the rights thereunder,
and application of a duly authorized license,
may be directed to:
7854 Browning Road
Pennsauken, NJ 08109
c. Other pressure differential air machine
systems with equal or better performance
records can be proposed to substitute for the
GPAC system. Documentation and manufacturer's
specifications must be provided which
substantiates that the equipment can perform
as specific herein. The Government reserves
the right to deny the substitution if
documentation is insufficient.
d. Contractor shall be wholly responsible for any
and all patent rights infringement cases
created from misuse of misrepresentation of
pressure differential systems.
4. Regulatory/Litigation/Work Status: A statement
containing the following information:
a. A record of any citations or violations issued
by any regulatory or legal agency concerning
performance on a hazardous materials abatement
contracts in the last five (5) years. For each
such occurrence, briefly describe the
circumstances, citing the project, person
involved, type of citation/violation, agency
involved and resolution.
b. A list of all occasions in the last five (5)
years in which the firm has been issued a Stop
Work Order due to negligence or noncompliance
with hazardous materials abatement or related
project specifications. Briefly describe the
circumstances and outcome of each occurrence,
including liquidated damages, overruns in
scheduled time limitations, and resolutions.
c. A description of all situations in the last
five (5) years in which a hazardous
materials-related contract has been
terminated, specifying project, dates and
reason for termination.
d. Listing of any hazardous materials-related
litigation or arbitration in the last five (5)
years in which the Offeror (or any of its
employees proposed for work on this project)
has participated or is currently involved
arising out of performance on an asbestos
related contract. Include descriptions of
role, issue, and resolution to date including
any liquidated damages assessed, Note that
participation in litigation or arbitration is
not in and of itself a disqualifying factor,
since, for example, it may reflect assertion
of Offerer's rights.
5. Insurance Status: A statement regarding the
Offeror's insurance status, including at least the
a. Proof of coverage under the State Workers
Compensation insurance system.
b. Certificate of general liability insurance.
Such insurance must be shown to be
acknowledged by the insurance company to be
specific for asbestos-related occupational
disease and sickness or death as well as other
occupational disease or death, personal injury
and property damage. "Occurrence" claim
provisions are preferable; identify whether
insurance has "occurrence" or "claims made"
provisions. Specify coverage limits and
identify and exclusions to the coverage. If
not currently covered by such insurance,
provide a copy of the most recent certificate
by such insurance and a statement from an
insurer that such insurance will be provided
if the offerer is awarded this contract.
6. Submit the following information with Project
Submittal and obtain written approval PRIOR TO
COMMENCEMENT OF WORK by the Contracting officer no
later than 15 days after award of the Contract.
a. Plan of Action: Submit a plan of action for
handling asbestos and other hazardous
materials throughout the project. This plan
shall contain at least:
1) The items listed in Section 01546,
Paragraph 1.5C, Subparagraphs one through
2) Procedures proposed for use in complying
with the regulations and requirements