Historic Preservation - Technical Procedures
- Installing Bronze Revolving Doors
- Procedure code:
- Federal Building/Uspo, Spokane, Wa - Gsa/Pbs
- Doors And Windows
- Revolving Entrance Doors
- Last Modified:
- Installing Bronze Revolving Doors
- Last Modified:
INSTALLING BRONZE REVOLVING DOORS
A. This procedure includes guidance on installing a 4-wing
manual bronze revolving door.
B. Revolving doors consist of complete units fabricated,
assembled and tested for proper operation at the factory.
Units include wings, enclosure, lights, weatherstripping,
hardware (except lock cylinder), collapsing mechanism,
speed control, and other components standard with
C. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be
reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines
cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
4. Quality Assurance
5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
6. Project/Site Conditions
7. Sequencing and Scheduling
8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing
this procedure and should be followed, when applicable,
along with recommendations from the Regional Historic
Preservation Officer (RHPO).
A. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) www.astm.org
B. American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI ) www.ansi.org
C. The Safety Glazing Certification Council (SGCC) www.sgcc.org
D. National Association of Architectural Metal Manufacturers (NAAMM)
1.03 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
A. Performance Requirements: Provide assemblies that have
been designed and fabricated to comply with performance
requirements specified. Each system shall be tested by
a recognized testing laboratory or agency in accordance
with specified test methods.
1. Air Infiltration: Revolving door assemblies shall have an air infiltration rate of less than 11 cfm per linear foot of perimeter crack of operating panels when tested in accordance with requirements of ASTM E283. For details see either www.astm.org/Standards/E283.htm or https://law.resource.org/pub/us/cfr/ibr/003/astm.e283.1991.pdf
A. Product Data: Submit manufacturer's product data,
standard details, and installation recommendations for
revolving doors, including the following:
1. Fabrication methods
4. Accessories and other components
B. Shop Drawings: Submit shop drawings for fabrication and
installation of revolving doors and associated
components. Indicate enclosures, speed control units,
and other components not included in manufacturer's
product data. Include the following:
3. Anchors and reinforcements
4. Glazing details
C. Templates and Diagrams: Furnish installation templates,
diagrams, and other data to fabricators and installers of
related work as necessary for coordination of the
D. Samples: Submit samples of each required metal finish,
on 12" long extrusions or 6" square sheet or plate.
Where color and texture variations are anticipated,
include 2 or more units in each set of samples to
indicate range of such variations.
1. The RHPO reserves the right to require samples of
typical fabricated sections, indicating joints,
exposed fastenings, quality of workmanship, and
finish, and including hardware and accessory items,
before proceeding with fabrication.
E. Maintenance Instructions: Submit manufacturer's
maintenance and service instructions for adjustment,
operation, and maintenance of revolving door units,
including name, address, and telephone number of the
nearest service representative. Include instructions for
maintenance of metal finishes.
F. Certification: Provide certified test results showing
that revolving door units have been tested by a
recognized testing laboratory or agency and comply with
specified performance characteristics.
1.05 QUALITY ASSURANCE
A. Safety Glazing Standard: Where safety glass is indicated
or required by authorities having jurisdiction, provide
the type of products indicated that comply with ANSI
Z97.1 and testing requirements of 16 CFR Part 1201 for
category II materials.
1. Subject to compliance with requirements, provide
safety glass permanently marked with a
certification label of Safety Glazing Certification
Council (SGCC) or other certification agency
acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction.
B. Single Source Responsibility: Provide revolving doors
produced by a single manufacturer capable of showing
prior production of revolving door assemblies similar to
C. Manufacturer's Qualifications: Provide revolving doors
produced by a single manufacturer with not less than 5
years successful experience in fabrication of revolving
doors of the type and quality required.
D. Installer's Qualifications: Engage as installer an
authorized representative of the manufacturer for both
installation and maintenance of the type of revolving
door units required.
1. Experience: The installer shall have a minimum of
3 years experience in installation and service of
revolving door assemblies manufactured for the
2. Maintenance Proximity: The installer shall
maintain offices and repair or service facilities
within 2 hours normal travel time from the project
E. Design Criteria: Drawings indicate sizes, profiles, and
dimensions required. Minor deviations will be accepted
in order to utilize manufacturer's standard products
when, in the Contracting Officer's sole judgement, such
deviations do not materially detract from the design
concept or intended performance.
F. Design Criteria: To be determined by RHPO as acceptable
and will not materially detract from the design concept
or intended performance.
G. Emergency Exits: Revolving doors serving as a required
means of egress shall comply with requirements of
authorities having jurisdiction. Provide manufacturer's
certification that doors comply with these requirements.
1.06 DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING
A. Acceptance at Site: Deliver revolving doors and related
components to the project in manufacturer's original,
unopened protective packaging. Use padded blankets or
other approved protective wrapping for glass, decorative
metal work and other exposed elements.
1. Do not deliver door units until work is ready for
2. Inspect components for damage upon delivery.
Unless minor defects can be repaired to the
Architect's satisfaction, remove and replace
damaged components at no additional cost.
B. Storage and Protection:
1. If temporary storage is necessary, store doors and
related components inside the building in a dry
protected area apart from construction traffic, in
their original shipping containers with protective
wrapping or packaging securely in place.
2. Protect finish surfaces from damage during handling
1.07 PROJECT/SITE CONDITIONS
A. Field Measurements: Where possible, field measure
openings before fabrication to ensure proper fit of work;
show measurements on final shop drawings. Coordinate
fabrication with construction progress to avoid delay.
If necessary, proceed with fabrication without
measurements, and coordinate tolerances to ensure proper
A. General: Warranties shall be in addition to, and not a
limitation of, other rights the Government may have under
the Contract Documents.
B. Special Project Warranty: Submit a written warranty,
executed by the Contractor, Installer, and Manufacturer,
agreeing to repair or replace components or entire units
which fail in materials or workmanship within the
specified warranty period. Failures include, but are not
necessarily limited to, structural failure including
excessive deflection, excessive leakage or air
infiltration, faulty operation of speed control operators
and hardware, deterioration of metals, metal finishes,
and other materials beyond normal weathering. This
warranty shall be in addition to and not a limitation of
other rights the Government may have against the
Contractor under the Contract Documents.
1. Warranty period for revolving door units shall be 3
years after the date of substantial completion.
A. Revolving Door Manufacturers:
1. Crane Revolving Door Co., division of The Dorma Group www.dorma.com
2. Horton Automatics www.hortondoors.com
3. International Revolving Door Co. www.intlentrance.com
4. C. J. Rush Industries, division of Stanley Security Solutions www.cjrush.com
5. Sanwa Tajima Corporation http://www.tajima-st.co.jp/prof_eng/
6. Tubelite Inc. www.tubeliteinc.com
OR an RHPO approved equivalent.
A. Bronze: Comply with the following standards for forms
and types of bronze required. Alloys listed refer to
standards of the Copper Development Association.
1. Extrusions: Provide 38500 alloy, Architectural
Bronze; comply with requirements of ASTM B455.
2. Sheet: Provide 28000 alloy, Muntz Metal.
3. Roll-Formed Members: Provide 28000 alloy; comply
with requirements of ASTM B135.
4. Temper: Provide bronze materials in standard
commercial tempers and hardness required for
fabrication, strength, and durability.
B. Steel Supports: Provide manufacturer's standard, mild
C. Anchorages and Fastenings: Provide manufacturer's
standard, concealed anchors and fasteners except where
unavoidable for assembly of units and for application of
D. Glass and Glazing Materials:
1. Tempered Glass: Provide tempered safety glass in
wings, where indicated. Tempered glass shall
comply with requirements of ASTM C1048, kind FT
(fully tempered), condition A (uncoated surfaces),
type I (transparent) flat, class and thickness as
a. Wings: Provide 1/4" thick Class 1 clear
2. Enclosure Walls: Provide 5/16" thick, clear,
single-bent, laminated glass.
E. Weatherstripping: Provide heavy-duty, single-piece
rubber and rubber-felt combinations.
A. Revolving Speed Control: Provide mechanical speed
regulator, allowing free rotation of wings up to a
predetermined rate of speed, not exceeding 12 rpm.
B. Panic Collapsing Mechanism: Manufacturer's standard
device to permit collapsing and folding wings outward in
emergency exit position, when pressure is applied to
C. Hardware: Provide manufacturer's standard push bars and
surface-applied or mortised locks to receive cylinders,
finished to match doors.
1. Lock cylinder is included in finish hardware
D. Ceiling Lights: Provide manufacturer's standard ceiling
lights, consisting of 2 recessed light fixtures within
the revolving door enclosure ceiling, complete with lamps
and translucent lens.
E. Movable Wings: Provide manufacturer's standard overhead
carriage, guide support track, pivot mechanism, and other
components necessary to permit folded door wings to be
easily moved to one side.
A. General: Sizes of door and frame units, and profile
requirements to be determined by Architect. Variable
dimensions are indicated with maximum and minimum
dimensions required to achieve design requirements and
coordination with other work.
B. Fabricate revolving door units to sizes and
configurations indicated, with members closely fitted to
hairline joints, reinforced and mechanically joined or
welded. Dress welds flush and finish to match adjacent
C. Dissimilar Metals: Separate dissimilar metals with zinc
chromate primer, bituminous paint, or other separator
that will prevent corrosion.
D. Fasteners: Conceal fasteners wherever possible.
Countersink heads of exposed fasteners.
1. General: Comply with NAAMM "Metal Finishes Manual" for recommendations and designations of finishes, available at http://www.nomma-northeast.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/NAAMM-NOMMA-Finishes-Manual.pdf
2. For Bronze Natural Satin Finish: Provide M31-M34-06x (fine satin directional textured mechanical finish followed by hand rubbed directional textured mechanical finish, with clear organic coating specified below).
a. Clear Organic Coating: Provide an air-dried acrylic coating. In the past, Incralac (a chemical compound developed by the International Copper Research Corporation) has been suggested, with a manufacturer���s specification of 1.0 mil minimum dry thickness or approved equal. Incralac has a definite lifespan, and information on recoating may be found at http://www.conservationphysics.org/ppubs/incra.pdf
3.01 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Install revolving doors in accordance with manufacturer's
printed instructions and recommendations.
B. Cut and trim framing during installation only with
approval of the manufacturer and in accordance with
1. Restore finish and remove and replace members as
directed where cutting and trimming has impaired
strength or appearance.
2. Do not install members that are warped, bowed,
deformed or otherwise damaged or defaced to such
extent as to impair strength or appearance. Remove
and replace members as directed which have been
damaged during installation.
C. Set units level, plumb, and true to line, with uniform
hairline joints. Support on metal shim and secure in
place by bolting to clip angles and supports anchored to
D. Paint concealed contact surfaces of dissimilar materials,
including metal in contact with masonry or concrete work,
with a heavy coating of bituminous paint, or provide
other separation as recommended by manufacturer.
A. Adjust doors to provide a tight fit at contact points and
weatherstripping, for smooth operation and weathertight
closure, and to operate smoothly with hardware and
operators functioning properly.
1. Lubricate hardware and other moving parts.
B. Clean metal surfaces promptly after installation,
exercising care to avoid damage to coatings.
C. Clean glass surfaces after installation. Remove excess
glazing and sealant compounds, dirt, and other
A. Institute protective measures required throughout the
remainder of the construction period to ensure that
revolving door units will be without damage or
deterioration, other than normal weathering, at time of
END OF SECTION