Removing Copper, Silver And Nickel Stains From Ceramic Tile
- Procedure code:
- Hspg Prepared For Nps - Sero
- Ceramic Tile
- Last Modified:
REMOVING COPPER, SILVER AND NICKEL STAINS FROM CERAMIC TILE
THE CLEANING OR REMOVAL OF STAINS FROM TILE MAY INVOLVE THE USE OF
LIQUIDS, DETERGENTS OR SOLVENTS WHICH MAY RUN OFF ON ADJACENT
MATERIAL, DISCOLOR THE TILE OR DRIVE THE STAINS DEEPER INTO POROUS
TILE. USE THE PRODUCTS AND TECHNIQUES DESCRIBED HERE ONLY FOR THE
COMBINATIONS OF DIRT/STAIN AND TILE SPECIFIED.
A. This procedure includes guidance on removing copper,
silver and nickel stains from ceramic tile.
B. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be
reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines
cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
4. Quality Assurance
5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
6. Project/Site Conditions
7. Sequencing and Scheduling
8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing
this procedure and should be followed, when applicable,
along with recommendations from the Regional Historic
Preservation Officer (RHPO).
NOTE: Chemical products are sometimes sold under a common
name. This usually means that the substance is not as pure as
the same chemical sold under its chemical name. The grade of
purity of common name substances, however, is usually adequate
for stain removal work, and these products should be purchased
when available, as they tend to be less expensive. Common
names are indicated below by an asterisk (*).
A. Household ammonia:
CAUTION: DO NOT MIX AMMONIA WITH CHLORINE BLEACHES, A
POISONOUS GAS WILL RESULT! DO NOT USE BLEACH ON BIRD
1. Other chemical or common names include Ammonium
Hydroxide; Ammonia water*; Aqua ammonia*.
2. Potential hazards: TOXIC; MAY IRRITATE THE EYES.
3. Available from chemical supply house, grocery store
or pharmaceutical supply distributor, or hardware
B. Nitric acid (HNO3):
1. A corrosive liquid inorganic acid used especially
as an oxidizing agent, in nitrations, and in making
organic compounds such as fertilizers, explosives
2. Potential Hazards: CORROSIVE TO FLESH; CORROSIVE
TO CONCRETE, STEEL, WOOD OR GLASS.
3. Available from chemical supply house or hardware
C. Clean, potable water
A. Clean natural fiber rags, or sponges
B. Stiff bristle brushes (no iron wire)
A. Examine the ceramic tile surface carefully to determine
the type and cause of staining before proceeding with any
3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. For Copper Metal Stains:
NOTE: DO NOT USE THIS TREATMENT ON GLAZED TILE.
1. Wash the surface using a clean cloth or sponge
soaked with a 10% nitric acid solution.
2. Rinse the treated area immediately with clean,
clear water and allow to dry.
B. For Silver and Nickel Stains:
1. Wash the affected area using a clean cloth or
sponge soaked with household ammonia.
2. Rinse the treated surface with clean, clear water
and allow to dry.
3. Repeat the process as necessary to achieve the
desired level of cleanliness.
END OF SECTION