Methods Of Removing Rust Stains From Ceramic Tile

Procedure code:
931001S
Source:
Internet - North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service
Division:
Finishes
Section:
Ceramic Tile
Last Modified:
07/14/2016

PART 1---GENERAL

1.01 SUMMARY

  1. This procedure includes guidance on removing rust stains from ceramic tile.  Rust stains may be caused by water deposits containing large amounts of iron.
  2. For additional information on the preservation, maintenance, repair and replacement of ceramic tiles, see 09310-02-S.
  3. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines cover the following sections:
    1. Safety Precautions
    2. Historic Structures Precautions
    3. Submittals
    4. Quality Assurance
    5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
    6. Project/Site Conditions
    7. Sequencing and Scheduling
    8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
      These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing this procedure and should be followed, when applicable, along with recommendations from the Regional Historic Preservation Officer (RHPO).

PART 2---PRODUCTS

2.01 MATERIALS

  1. Clean, potable water
  2. Clean, soft cotton cloths or cotton pads
  3. Additional Materials Specifically for Fresh Stains:
    1. Granular Cleaner:  A heavy duty cleaning compound containing trisodium phosphate (TSP) such as "Spic- n-Span", or approved equal.
  4. Additional Materials Specifically for Heavy Stains:
    1. Oxalic Acid Stain Remover Compound such as "Zud", (available at grocery stores), or approved equal.
  5. Additional Materials Specifically for Set Stains:
    1. Oxalic Acid Crystals
      -OR-
      Naval Jelly:  Available in paint stores.
    2. Whiting or talcum powder
    3. Plastic sheeting
  6. Additional Materials Specifically for Persistent Stains:
    1. Borax
    2. Lemon Juice
    3. Other Rust Removers: "Whisk-Away", "Pumie Scouring Stick".  Follow label instructions.

2.03 EQUIPMENT

  1. Soft paint brush
  2. Glass or ceramic containers for mixing any poultices/solutions
  3. Wooden utensil for stirring the ingredients
  4. Wood or plastic spatula
  5. Masking tape

PART 3---EXECUTION
3.01 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION

NOTE:  CLEAN USING THE GENTLEST MEANS POSSIBLE.

  1. For Fresh Stains:
    1. Apply the granular cleaner with a damp cloth or pad and rub vigorously until the stain is removed.
    2. Rinse thoroughly with clean, clear water and wipe dry with a clean, soft cloth.
  2. For Heavy Stains:
    1. Apply an oxalic acid stain remover compound to the dampened area. Scrub with a soft damp cloth.
    2. Repeat the process as necessary to remove the stain.
    3. Rinse thoroughly with clean, clear water.
  3. Set Stains:
    1. Create a poultice by dissolving oxalic acid crystals in hot water; add enough whiting or talcum powder to make a soft paste.
    2. Using a wood spatula, apply the poultice to the stained area and allow to dry.
    3. Rinse thoroughly with clean, clear water and dry with a soft cloth.
      -OR-
    4. Allow naval jelly to remain on the surface for at least 30-60 minutes, or longer if necessary until the stain disappears.
    5. Rinse the surface with clean, clear water and allow to dry.
       -OR-
    6. Try using a commercial rust remover.  Follow manufacturer's instructions.
  4. For Persistent Stains:
    1. Mix a combination of borax and lemon juice together into a paste.
    2. Cover the stain with the paste and allow to dry.
    3. Rinse the area with clear water and dry with a clean, soft cloth.
    4. Repeat the process if necessary.
               -OR-
    5. Try using a commercial pumice bar: Rub the stain with the bar to remove as much of the stain as possible.
      1. Rub the stain with the bar to 4remove as much of the stain as possible.
      2. Rinse thoroughly with clean, clear water and dry with a clean, soft cloth.

END OF SECTION
 

Last Reviewed 2016-07-14