Historic Preservation - Technical Procedures
Staining And Lacquering Woodwork
National Capitol Region Specifications
Wood And Plastics
Staining And Lacquering Woodwork
STAINING AND LACQUERING WOODWORK
A. This procedure includes guidance on staining and
lacquering damaged areas of previously stained and
B. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be
reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines
cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
4. Quality Assurance
5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
6. Project/Site Conditions
7. Sequencing and Scheduling
8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing
this procedure and should be followed, when applicable,
along with recommendations from the Regional Historic
Preservation Officer (RHPO).
A. Mohawk Finishing Products, Inc.
Route 30 N.
Amsterdam, NY 12010
A. Wood Filler: Paste wood filler shall be blended silica
in aromatic mineral spirits solvent with an alkyd resin
base, color as required to match original stain (Mohawk
Finishing Products, Inc.), or approved equal.
NOTE: USE OF WOOD FILLER WITH LINSEED OIL VEHICLE MAY
CAUSE WHITE SPOTS IN LACQUER FINISH COAT OR INHIBIT ITS
B. Sanding Sealer: Lacquer based sanding sealer, formulated
for brushing, composed of the following products (Mohawk
Finishing Products), or approved equal.
Note: Amounts of products listed below make one (1)
gallon of sanding sealer. The ratio of constituents
shall remain constant if a greater quantity is required.
#610-160 High solids sanding sealer 50 oz.
#650-010 Lacquer thinner 12 oz.
#502-000 Solar lux retarder 2 oz.
C. Wood stain: Solvent (aromatic) reducible, pigmented
wiping surface stain with an alkyd binder, color matched
to original stain, such as (Mohawk Finishing Products,
Inc.), or approved equal.
E. Tack Rags
F. Steel wool: Grade 0000
G. Cloths: Soft, clean and lint free
H. Vegetable Oil Soap: Potassium soap of vegetable oil
containing no acids, abrasives, caustics or solvents,
such as "Murphy's Oil Soap" (Murphy-Phoenix Company), OR
NOTE: NON-IONIC DETERGENTS ARE NOT RECOMMENDED; THEY ARE
A. Soft, Natural Bristle Brush
A. Surface Preparation:
1. Lightly sand abraded veneer of windows and areas
damaged by chairs.
2. Make sure that all wood surfaces are clean and
3. Fill all gouges and scratches with compatible
surface putty color matched to stain. Sand smooth.
3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Staining Procedures:
1. Color mix stain to match original.
2. Apply stain to all bare wood surfaces with a stiff
flat bristle brush.
3. Allow stain to set as required for proper color
match as determined by testing process.
4. Wipe off excess stain by rubbing parallel to the
grain with a soft, dry cloth.
5. Apply one (1) coat of sanding sealer rub with 0000
steel wool and wipe with a tack rag. (May not be
required, test during preparation of sample areas.)
B. Finish Coating:
1. Make sure that surface is clean, level and free of
2. Rub with 0000 steel wool and wipe with a tack rag.
3. Apply a minimum of three finish coats. Brush on
lacquer using a wide, moderately full brush to flow
a continuous, wet coat onto the surface with
minimum of retrace or back brushing - preferably
none. Work area small enough so that by working
with long, fast, continuous strokes, each
succeeding stroke works against the wet edge of the
last stroke. A dry tack rag moving ahead of the
brush will help to keep the surface dust free.
4. Allow each coat to dry at least two, preferably
5. Sand with 4/0 to 6/0 paper, only if necessary to
remove defects and level surface for next coat.
6. Before adding the next coat, vacuum and wipe the
surface with a dry tack rag in order to remove all
grit and dust.
END OF SECTION