National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as amended (NEPA), and its implementing regulations (40 C.F.R. §§ 1500-1508) articulate the federal policy that favors protecting the quality of the human environment, and requires federal agencies to consider the impacts of their proposed activities, programs, and projects on the quality of that environment, including impacts on historic properties and other cultural resources.
The purpose of considering impacts is to help the agency decide whether to undertake a proposed action, considering all reasonable alternatives, including the alternative of taking no action, and if so, where, when and how to undertake it.
NEPA review also affords interested agencies and the public the opportunity to learn about and influence an agency's decision-making. Potential effects are to be considered in determining whether an action is, under NEPA, a major federal action significantly affecting the environment, requiring the agency to prepare a detailed Environmental Impact Statement. The potential effects are also to be considered in any such impact statement and in making a final decision about the action.
GSA's compliance with NEPA will be coordinated with Section 106 of NHPA compliance.