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2009 Fleet AFV Program Report

U.S. General Services Administration.

Fleet AFV Program Report for Fiscal Year 2009

January 20, 2010

Introduction
Legislative and Executive Order Requirements
GSA Performance in meeting EPAct/EO Requirements, FY 2009
EPAct 1992 AFV Acquisition Compliance
FY 2010/2011/2012 Planned Acquisitions
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
 

Introduction

This report summarizes the U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) fiscal year (FY) 2009 performance in meeting the requirements of Executive Order (E.O.) 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management; E.O. 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance; the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct; P.L. 102-486) as amended by the Energy Conservation Reauthorization Act of 1998 (ECRA; P.L. 105-388), and the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P. L. 109-58).

GSA internal fleet is leased from the GSA Federal Acquisition Service (FAS).

Legislative and Executive Order Requirements

The Energy Policy Act of 1992, P.L. 102-486, requires 75 percent of all covered light-duty vehicles (LDVs) acquired for Federal fleets in FY 1999 and beyond to be alternative fueled vehicles (AFVs) (where the fleets have 20 or more light duty vehicles, are capable of being centrally fueled, and are operated in a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) with a population of more than 250,000 based on the 1980 census).  Certain emergency, law enforcement, and national defense vehicles are exempt from these requirements.  EPAct of 1992 also sets a goal of using replacement fuels to displace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of petroleum motor fuel in the United States annually by the year 2010. 

The Energy Conservation and Reauthorization Act of 1998, P.L. 105-388, amended the Energy Policy Act of 1992, P.L. 102-486 to allow one alternative fuel vehicle acquisition credit for every 450 gallons of pure biodiesel fuel consumed in vehicles over 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating.  “Biodiesel credit” may fulfill up to 50 percent of an agency’s EPAct of 1992 requirements.

42 U.S.C. 13218 states beginning February 15, 2006, and annually thereafter for the next 14 years, the head of each Federal agency must also prepare and submit an annual report to Congress summarizing compliance with the alternative fuel purchasing requirements and include a plan of compliance containing specific dates for achieving compliance using reasonable means.

E.O. 13423 directs Federal agencies operating a fleet of 20 or more vehicles to decrease petroleum consumption by 2 percent per year relative to their FY 2005 baseline through FY 2015, as well as increase alternative fuel use by 10 percent (compounded each year) relative to their FY 2005 baseline through FY 2015.

E.O. 13514 directs Federal agencies operating a fleet of 20 or more vehicles to decrease petroleum consumption by a minimum of 2 percent annually through the end of fiscal year 2020, relative to a baseline of fiscal year 2005.

Table 1 summarizes GSA’s progress in meeting these requirements.  Appendices A and B reflect GSA vehicle acquisitions (for FYs 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012) and fuel consumption data, respectively, and Appendix C contains a list of acronyms and terms used in this report.

Table 1.  GSA Performance in meeting EPAct/EO Requirements, FY 2009

Authority/vMandate Performance Measure Requirement GSA Performance in FY 2009
EPAct 1992 Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) acquisitions 75 percent of the 26 covered1 fleet vehicle acquisitions must be AFVs. Accumulated 183 AFV credits (220 percent of covered acquisitions). Compliant
E.O. 13423 Reduce annual covered petroleum consumption Reduce petroleum consumption of covered2 vehicles by two percent annually by end of FY 2015 from FY 2005 baseline of 573,123 gasoline gallon equivalents (GGEs). Consumed 434,234 GGEs, a decrease of 24.2 percent from baseline, exceeding the target of eight percent decrease, or 45,850 GGEs total, by end of FY 2009.
Compliant
E.O. 13423 Increase annual alternative fuel (AF) consumption Exceed the FY 2009 AF usage target of 73,568 GGEs, based on a compounded ten percent annual rate of increase over the FY 2005 baseline of 50,248 GGEs. Used 35,216 GGEs, which is only 48 percent of the FY 2009 target.  However it is an increase of 347 percent, or 27,336 GGEs over the previous year.
Non-Compliant
EPAct 2005, Section 701 Operate all dual-fuel non-waivered AFVs on AF AF use must comprise 95 percent or more of fuel used in non-waivered dual-fuel AFVs. Actual usage is about one percent.
Non-Compliant

1By definition, the term “covered” relative to vehicle acquisitions includes all domestic non law-enforcement (LE), light duty (LD) vehicles operated in a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) and acquired by lease or purchase in FY 2009.

2By definition, the term “covered” relative to petroleum fuel reduction includes all domestic, non-LE vehicles of any weight and operating in or out of an MSA.

EPAct 1992 AFV Acquisition Compliance

GSA exceeded EPAct AFV acquisition requirements in FY 2009 as follows:

  • GSA acquired 26 EPAct-covered LD vehicles (as shown in Appendix A).
  • GSA accumulated 183 AFV credits through acquisition of 183 AFVs (including both EPAct covered and non-covered vehicles).
  • GSA acquisitions resulted in an AFV percentage of covered LD vehicle acquisitions of 220 percent (183/26).

Beginning FY 2009 EPAct acquisition credits included vehicles with hybrid fuel configurations (e.g., gas-electric hybrid configurations).  In FY 2009 GSA’s AFV fleet included eight leased gas-electric hybrids.

Credits

Federal fleets earn one credit for every bi- or flexible-fuel AFV acquired and for every 450 gallons of neat biodiesel (B100) or 2,250 gallons of blended 20 percent biodiesel and 80 percent petroleum diesel (B20) used.  Additional credits are earned for AFVs that operate exclusively on alternative fuels.  In FY 2009, GSA earned 183 credits for AFV acquisition and 0 credits for biodiesel fuel use, totaling 183 credits.

Vehicles

Flexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs) which can run on E85 or gasoline were the AFV of choice in FY 2009.  Of the 239 leased vehicles, 183 were AFVs including eight gas-hybrid configurations.

Exemptions

EPAct language grants exemptions for fleet size, geographic location or use outside a Metropolitan Statistical Area/Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA/CMSA), and law enforcement/emergency uses.  In FY 2009, GSA recorded exemptions as follows:

Exemption Type Number of Exemptions
Fleet Size 0
Geographic 0
Law Enforcement 2
Non-MSA Operation (Fleet) 0
Non-MSA Operation (Vehicles) 211
Total 213

 

FY 2010/2011/2012 Planned Acquisitions

Appendix A offers a detailed look at GSA’s FY 2009 acquisitions and its planned acquisitions for FYs 2010, 2011 and 2012.

E.O. 13423 Compliance

E.O. 13423 requires Federal agencies with 20 or more vehicles operating in the U.S. to:

  • Decrease petroleum consumption by 2 percent per year relative to their FY 2005 baseline through FY 2015.
  • Increase alternative fuel consumption by 10 percent (compounded each year) relative to their FY 2005 baseline through FY 2015.
  • Use plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) when they are commercially available at a cost reasonably comparable, on the basis of life-cycle cost, to non-PHEVs.

Petroleum Reduction

In FY 2009, GSA used 434,234 GGE of petroleum, a 24.2 percent reduction from the FY 2005 petroleum baseline.  In fact, GSA’s FY 2009 petroleum reduction already meets the goal set by the Department of Energy (DOE) for FY 2015.

Appendix B offers a detailed look at GSA’s petroleum usage and DOE targets.

Alternative Fuel Use

In FY 2009, GSA used 35,216 GGE of alternative fuel, a 347 percent increase from FY 2008 alternative fuel usage.  However, FY 2009 AF usage is 48 percent of the FY 2009 goal of 73,568 GGE, or 27,336 GGE short.

Appendix B offers a detailed look at GSA’s alternative fuel usage and DOE targets.

Use of PHEV vehicles

In FY 2009, PHEVs were not commercially available.  Therefore, GSA did not acquire any of these vehicles in FY 2009.

Summary and Conclusions

In FY 2009, GSA exceeded its EPAct of 1992 FY 2009 AFV acquisition requirements and anticipates exceeding in FYs 2010, 2011 and 2012. 

In FY 2009 GSA continued achieving E.O. 13423 petroleum reduction however failed in achieving the alternative fuel use requirements.  The lack of AF infrastructure is a major obstacle in achieving increase in alternative fuel usage.  GSA Order ADM P 5620.1 requires that all employees using alternative fuel vehicles must use AF, if available.  Information on AF sites is communicated through periodic articles in GSA Update, an electronic newsletter sent via e-mail to all GSA employees. 

Appendix A

EPACT AFV Acquisition Compliance Report

General Services Administration - FY2009

This report provides a summary of the selected organization's compliance with the alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) acquisition requirements from the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). Data is shown for the current year ("actuals") along with projections for compliance for the next three years in the future ("planned", "projected", and "forecast", respectively).

Actual FY2009 Light-Duty Vehicle Acquisitions

Acquisition and Exemption Detail Leased Purchased Total
Total number of Light-Duty (8,500 GVWR) Vehicle Acquisitions      239 0 239
Fleet Exemptions:  Fleet Size 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions:  Foreign        0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions:  Geographic 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions:  Non-MSA Operation 0 0 0
Vehicle Exemptions:  Law Enforcement 2 0 2
Vehicle Exemptions:  Non-MSA Operation          211 0 211
Total EPAct-Covered Acquisitions 26 0 26

 

Actual FY2009 Light-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Detail

Vehicle Detail Leased Purchased Total EPA Credits
Sedan/Station Wagon Compact, E-85 Flex Fuel 59 0 59 59
Sedan/Station Wagon Compact, Gas Hy 6 0 6 6
Sedan/Station Wagon Large, E-85 Flex Fuel, Law Enforcement 1 0 1 1
Sedan/Station Wagon Midsize, E-85 Flex Fuel 54 0 54 54
LD Minivan 4x2 Passenger, E-85 Flex Fuel 33 0 33 33
LD Pickup 4x2, E-85 Flex Fuel 3 0 3 3
LD SUV 4x2, E-85 Flex Fuel 7 0 7 7
LD SUX 4x2, Gas Hy 1 0 1 1
LD Pickup 4x4, E-85 Flex Fuel 4 0 4 4
LD SUV 4x4, E-85 Flex Fuel 14 0 14 14
LD SUV 4x4, Gas Hy 1 0 1 1
Totals   183 0 183 183

 

Actual EPAct Acquisition Credits Summary

AFV Name Credits
Base AFV Acquisition Credits 183
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Credits 0
Dedicated Heavy Duty AFV Credits: 0
Dedicated Light Duty AFV Credits: 0
Dedicated Medium Duty AFV Credits 0
Law Enforcement or Emergency/Emergency Response Vehicle Credits: 1
Biodiesel Fuel Usage Credits: 0
Total EPAct Credits: 183
Overall EPAct Compliance Percentage: 704%
Total EPAct Credits excluding LE and E/ER Credits: 182
EPAct Compliance Percentage excluding LE and E/ER Credits:  700%

 

2009 AFV Report: Planned Data (FY2010)

Planned Light-Duty Acquisitions and Exemptions

Type Leased Purchased Total
Total Light-Duty Vehicle Acquisitions 239 0 239
Fleet Exemptions: Fleet Size 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Foreign 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Geographic 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Non-MSA Operation 0 0 0
Vehicle Exemptions: LE Vehicle 1 0 1
Vehicle Exemptions: Non-MSA Operation 201 0 201
Total EPAct-Covered Vehicles 37 0 37

 

Planned Light-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Detail

Vehicle Type Fuel LE Lease Purchase Total EPAct Credits
Sedan/St Wagn Compact E85 FF No 61 0 61 61
Sedan/St Wgn Midsize E85 FF No 52 0 52 52
Sedan/St Wgn Subcompact CNG BI No 1 0 1 1
LD Minivan 4x2 (Passenger) E85 FF No 36 0 36 36
LD Pickup 4x2 E85 FF No 8 0 8 8
LD SUV 4x2 E85 FF No 1 0 1 1
LD SUV 4x4 E85 FF No 15 0 15 15
LD SUV 4x4 E85 FF Yes 1 0 1 0
Totals: 0 0 175 0 175 174

 

Planned EPAct Acquisition Credits Summary

Planned EPAct Acquisition Credits
Base AFV Acquisition Credits 174
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Credits 0
Dedicated Light Duty AFV Credits: 0
Dedicated Medium Duty AFV Credits: 0
Biodiesel Fuel Usage Credits:3 0
Total EPAct Credits: 174
Overall EPAct Compliance Percentage: 470%

 

2009 AFV Report: Projected Data (FY2011)

Projected Light-Duty Acquisitions and Exemptions

Type Leased Purchased Total
Total Light-Duty Vehicle Acquisitions 219 0 219
Fleet Exemptions: Fleet Size 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Foreign 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Geographic 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Non-MSA Operation 0 0 0
Vehicle Exemptions: LE Vehicle 0 0 0
Vehicle Exemptions: Non-MSA Operation 189 0 189
Total EPAct-Covered Vehicles 30 0 30

 

Projected Light-Duty + Medium Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Detail

Vehicle Type Fuel LE Lease Purchase Total EPAct Credits
Sedan/St Wagn Compact E85 FF No 36 0 36 36
Sedan/St Wgn Compact GAS HY 2 No 1 0 1 1
Sedan/St Wgn Midsize E85 FF No 83 0 83 83
LD Minivan 4x2 (Passenger) E85 FF No 25 0 25 25
LD Pickup 4x2 CNG BI No 2 0 2 2
LD Pickup 4x2 E85 FF No 4 0 4 4
LD SUV 4x2 E85 FF No 1 0 1 1
LD Pickup 4x4 E85 FF No 1 0 1 1
LD SUV 4x4 E85 FF No 6 0 6 6
MD Van (Passenger) CNG DE No 1 0 1 1
Totals: 0 0 160 0 160 160

 

Projected EPAct Acquisition Credits Summary

Projected EPAct Acquisition Credits
Base AFV Acquisition Credits 160
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Credits 0
Dedicated Light Duty AFV Credits: 0
Dedicated Medium Duty AFV Credits: 2
Biodiesel Fuel Usage Credits:3 0
Total EPAct Credits: 162
Overall EPAct Compliance Percentage: 540%

 

2009 AFV Report:  Forecast Data (FY2012)

Forecast Light-Duty Acquisitions and Exemptions

Type Leased Purchased Total
Total Light-Duty Vehicle Acquisitions 236 0 236
Fleet Exemptions: Fleet Size 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Foreign 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Geographic 0 0 0
Fleet Exemptions: Non-MSA Operation 0 0 0
Vehicle Exemptions: LE Vehicle 0 0 0
Vehicle Exemptions: Non-MSA Operation 206 0 206
Total EPAct-Covered Vehicles 30 0 30

 

Forecast Light-Duty + Medium Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Detail

Vehicle Type Fuel LE Lease Purchase Total EPAct Credits
Sedan/St Wagn Compact E85 FF No 26 0 26 26
Sedan/St Wgn Compact GAS HY 2 No 3 0 3 3
Sedan/St Wgn Large E85 FF No 2 0 2 2
Sedan/St Wgn Midsize E85 FF No 107 0 107 107
LD Minivan 4x2 (Cargo) E85 FF No 1 0 1 1
LD Minivan 4x2 (Passenger) E85 FF No 41 0 41 41
LD Pickup 4x2 E85 FF No 1 0 1 1
LD SUV 4x2 E85 FF No 1 0 1 1
LD SUV 4x2 GAS HY 2 No 1 0 1 1
LD SUV 4x4 E85 FF No 10 0 10 10
MD Van (Passenger) CNG DE No 1 0 1 1
Totals: 0 0 194 0 194 194

 

Forecast EPAct Acquisition Credits Summary

Forecast EPAct Acquisition Credits
Base AFV Acquisition Credits 194
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Credits 0
Dedicated Light Duty AFV Credits: 0
Dedicated Medium Duty AFV Credits: 2
Biodiesel Fuel Usage Credits:3 0
Total EPAct Credits: 194
Overall EPAct Compliance Percentage: 653%

Notes:

  1. FY2009 EPAct credits granted for acquisition of law enforcement (LE) and emergency/emergency response (E/ER) vehicles. DOE has determined that credits will not be granted for acquisition of these vehicles beginning with FY2010 and in all years after FY2010. FAST users are advised to carefully review the role any such credits are playing in overall compliance with EPAct's acquisition requirements for their organization(s).
  2. For years prior to FY2009, EPAct acquisition credits were not granted for acquisition of vehicles with hybrid fuel configurations (e.g., gas-electric hybrid configurations). Beginning with FY2009 and continuing forward for all subsequent years, vehicles with these fuel configurations are considered alternative fueled vehicles and corresponding credits are granted and shown, if appropriate, in the above tables.
  3. EPAct allows credits toward compliance to be granted for consumption of biodiesel fuel; one (1) credit toward compliance is granted for each 450 gallons of biodiesel consumed, with a maximum of 50% of an organization's credits toward compliance coming from biodiesel consumption.

Appendix B

FY2009 E.O. 13423 Fuel Consumption Report

General Services Administration

 

Covered Petroleum Consumption in GGE

Fuel Type BASELINE FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015
Gasoline 0 372,913   394,442 461,284 423,755 0 0 0 0 0 0
Diesel 0 13,962 10,137 7,837 10,479 0 0 0 0 0 0
B20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 573,123 386,875 404,579 469,121 434,234 0 0 0 0 0 0
Target 0 561,660 550,198 538,735 527,273 515,810 504,348 492,885 481,423 469,960 458,498
Compliant 0 Yes Yes Yes Yes 0 0 0 0 0 0

  B20 is the diesel component from covered biodiesel consumption

Alternative Fuel Consumption in GGE

Fuel Type BASELINE FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015
CNG 0 775 294 310 166 0 0 0 0 0 0
LNG 0 0 0 14 14 0 0 0 0 0 0
LPG 0 140 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
E-85 0 49,333 2,184 7,556 35,050 0 0 0 0 0 0
Electric 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
M-85 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
B100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hydrogen 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 50,248 50,248 2,478 7,880 35,216 35,216 0 0 0 0 0
Target 0 55,272 60,800 66,880 73,568 80,924 89,017 97,919 107,711 118,482 130,330
Compliant 0 No No No No 0 0 0 0 0 0

 

B100 is calculated at 20% of the reported B20 and 100% of the reported B100 fuel used in the FAST Section III Actual Fuel Cost/Consumption by Fuel Type data input screen

Appendix C

General Services Administration

List of Acronyms and Terms

 

Acronym and Terms Phrase
AF Alternative Fuel, a fuel defined as alternative by the EPAct of 1992.
AFV Alternative Fueled Vehicle, a vehicle that can operate on an alternative fuel.
B100 Biodiesel (100 percent, neat)
B20 Biodiesel (20 percent biodiesel,          80 percent petroleum diesel)
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
CNG Bi-fuel Vehicle A NGV with two separate fueling systems that enable the vehicle to use either CNG or a conventional fuel (gasoline or diesel).
CNG Dedicated Vehicle A NGV that uses only CNG fuel.
DE Dedicated, a vehicle that uses only one type of fuel, example CNG DE bus.
DOE Department of Energy
Dual Fuel Vehicle Designed to operate on a combination of an alternative fuel and a convention fuel (includes CNG bi-fuel and E85 flex-fuel vehicles)
E85 Ethanol (85 percent ethanol, 15 percent petroleum)
ECRA Energy Conservation Reauthorization Act.
E.O. Executive Order
EPACT Energy Policy Act
ETHANOL An alcohol-based alternative fuel made primarily from corn in the U.S.
FAST Federal Automotive Statistical Tool
FFV Flexible Fuel Vehicle
FY Fiscal Year
GGE Gasoline Gallon Equivalents
GSA U.S. General Services Administration
GVWR Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
HD Heavy Duty, a vehicle weighing more than 16,000 GVWR
INL Idaho National Laboratory
LDV Light Duty Vehicle
LE Law enforcement
LNG Liquefied Natural Gas
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane)
MD Medium Duty, a vehicle weighing between 8,500 lbs and 16,000 lbs GVWR
MPG Miles Per Gallon
MSA/CMSA Metropolitan Statistical Area/Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area
NGV National Gas Vehicle
OMB Office of Management and Budget
P.L. Public Law
SUV Sport Utility Vehicle

 


2009 Fleet AFV Program Report