Contractor Team Arrangements

Under a Contractor Team Arrangement (CTA), two or more GSA Schedule contractors work together to meet ordering activity needs. By complementing each other's capabilities, the team offers a total solution to the ordering activity's requirement, providing a win-win situation for all parties. View the CTA training video series on our YouTube playlist. Note: The preceding links go to nongovernment commercial websites

Benefits for Schedule Contractors and Ordering Activities

By using a CTA, ordering activities can:

  • Procure a total solution rather than making separate buys for each part of a requirement; and
  • Satisfy socio-economic procurement goals.

Important Interim Guidance for Ordering Activities on Use of Contractor Team Arrangements (CTAs):

  • Interim Guidance: Ordering activities are responsible for accurately achieving and reporting on their small business goals, including accurate reporting to the Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS). Under CTAs, each contractor has privity of contract with the ordering activity. When a MAS order is awarded with a CTA, small business achievement in contractual terms is based upon the dollar amount of the work the small business contractors perform under the order. FPDS currently will only accept information relating to one contractor per order. The ordering activity must determine which CTA member is realizing the preponderance of the revenue on an order and report that contractor's information to FPDS.
  • Future Guidance: GSA is working with the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) and the Small Business Administration (SBA) to provide further clarity around the use of CTAs and anticipates issuing final guidance in the future.

By forming a CTA, GSA Schedule contractors can:

  • Compete for Schedule orders for which they wouldn’t otherwise qualify;
  • Increase their market share and become more competitive;
  • Reduce risk by sharing responsibilities with other team members;
  • Focus on the supplies (products) and services that best match their company’s resources and strengths; and
  • Find greater success as a small and/or disadvantaged business.

CTAs versus Prime/Subcontractor Relationships

The CTA differs from a partnership between a prime contractor and subcontractor in that all members of the team are equal parties to the contract. Important differences are detailed below:

Contractor Team Arrangement (CTA) Prime Contractor / Subcontractor Arrangement
Each team member must have a GSA Schedule contract. Only the prime contractor must have a GSA Schedule contract.
Each team member is responsible for duties addressed in the CTA document. The prime contractor cannot delegate responsibility for performance to subcontractors.
Each team member has privity of contract with the government and can interact directly with the government. Only the prime contractor has privity of contract with the government and can interact with the government. The prime contractor is responsible for its subcontracting activities. (Ordering activities are encouraged to specify in the Request for Quotation (RFQ) that the use of subcontractors requires prior approval by the ordering activities.)
The ordering activity is invoiced at each team member's unit prices or hourly rates as agreed in the task or delivery order or GSA Schedule BPA. The ordering activity is invoiced in accordance with the prime contractor's GSA Schedule contract, including any applicable price reductions.
Total solutions, otherwise impossible under individual GSA Schedule contracts, can be put together quickly and easily. The prime contractor is limited to the supplies and/or services awarded on its GSA Schedule contract.

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