Nongovernmental Furniture Test Standards
GSA uses industry and other nongovernmental standards when available and suitable for the items being acquired. GSA works with standards developing organizations to ensure standards reflect government needs and avoid unnecessary development of government standards.
The standards developed by GSA are available for download and use by industry and customer agencies. Standards developed by industry or other organizations are available from the developing organization. Contact information for acquiring industry standards is provided on the organization pages as a convenience for industry and customers. Standards organizations referenced include:
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a non-profit organization that oversees the creation, promotion, and use of thousands of norms and guidelines. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide.
ASTM International was founded in 1898 as the American Section of the International Association for Testing Materials. It is an organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
The following are ASTM standards that apply to GSA furniture offerings.
ASTM C423âStandard Test for Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Reverberation Room Method
ASTM D297âStandard Test Methods for Rubber Products - Chemical Analysis
ASTM D629âStandard Test Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Textiles
ASTM D861âStandard Practice for Use of the Tex System to Designate Linear Density of Fibers, Yarn Intermediates, and Yarns
ASTM D1335âStandard Test Method for Tuft Bind of Pile Yarn Floor Coverings
ASTM D1423âStandard Test Method for Twist in Yarns by Direct Counting
ASTM D1667âStandard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Foam (Closed-Cell)
ASTM D2646âStandard Test Methods for Backing Fabric Characteristics of Pile Yarn Floor Coverings
ASTM D3278âStandard Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed Cup Apparatus
ASTM D3574âStandard Test Methods for Flexible Cellular Materials - Slab, Bonded, and Molded Urethane Foams
ASTM D3676 Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay
ASTM D3936âStandard Test Method for Resistance to Delamination of the Secondary Backing of Pile Yarn Floor Covering
ASTM D5848âStandard Test Method for Mass Per Unit Area of Pile Yarn Floor Coverings
ASTM E84âTest Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM E90âStandard Test Method for Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partitions and Elements
ASTM E413âClassification for Rating Sound Insulation
ASTM E648âStandard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
ASTM E662âStandard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
ASTM F1427âStandard Consumer Safety Specification for Bunk Beds
The Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association develops and publishes standards for office furniture products. The standards are developed in accordance with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) procedures, and& are referenced in GSA single award and multiple award contracts.
The following are BIFMA standards that apply to GSA furniture offerings.
ANSI/BIFMA X5.1âOffice Chairs
ANSI/BIFMA X5.3âVertical Files
ANSI/BIFMA X5.4 âLounge and Public Seating
ANSI/BIFMA X5.5âDesk Products
ANSI/BIFMA X5.6âPanel Systems
ANSI/BIFMA X5.11âLarge Occupant Office Chair
The Electrostatic Discharge Association was founded in 1982. It is a professional voluntary association, dedicated to advancing the theory and practice of electrostatic discharge (ESD) avoidance. ESDA develops standards to characterize product performance relating to electrostatic discharge. Products tested to these standards include textiles, plastics, furniture and flooring. These products are typically used where equipment sensitive to such discharges is used, assembled or repaired. GSA requires products advertised as ESD products to meet the applicable standards. Standards are available from:
Standard test method for the protection of ESD susceptible items
ANSI/ESD STM4.2âESD protective worksurfaces - Charge dissipation characteristics
ANSI/ESD STM7.1âFloor materials - Resistive Characterization of Materials
ANSI/ESD STM12.1âSeating - Resistive Measurement
Standard for the protection of ESD susceptible items
ANSI/ESD S4.1âWorksurfaces - Resistance Measurements
The Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association (KCMA) is a voluntary, non-profit trade association representing North American cabinet manufacturers and suppliers to the industry since 1955. KCMA administers the nationally-recognized performance standard for cabinets (ANSI/KCMA A161.1). Today, KCMA promotes responsible environment practices in the industry. Information on KCMA Standards is available from:
ANSI/KCMA A161.1âPerformance & Construction Standard for Kitchen and Vanity Cabinets
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) is a trade association that creates and maintains standards and codes for use and adoption by local government.
National Fire Protection Association [a nongovernmental website]
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02169-7471
The following are NFPA standards that apply to GSA furniture offerings.
NFPA 255âStandard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
NFPA 701âStandard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films
The California Bureau of Electronic and Appliance Repair, Home Furnishings, and Thermal Insulation (BEARHFTI) is the result of the merging of to California Bureaus in the 2009. Its mission is to protect and serve the consumers while ensuring a fair and competitive market.
Bureau of Electronic Appliance and Repair, Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation
4244 South Market Court, Suite D
Sacramento, CA 95834-1243
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL) develops safety related standards for a wide variety of products. UL Standards related to furniture primarily concern electrical components that are incorporated in furniture products. GSA references UL standards for systems furniture products which include electrical harnesses for distributing electrical power in workstations.
The following are UL standards that apply to GSA furniture offerings.
UL 723âStandard for Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
UL 817âStandard for Cord sets and Power-Supply Cords
UL 1286âStandard for Office Furnishings