U.S. Border Patrol Sector Headquarters, Building 3, New Orleans, LA
The GSA building number for this building is LA0813NE, but it is known internally in the INS compound as Building #3. Building #3 in the New Orleans Border Patrol complex is a one-story brick building of the Bungaloid style. It has always been utilitarian in function - used as a carpenter shop, machine shop, and storage facility. At the present time it is used as a shop and storage facility, to the east, and as office space, to the west.
The brick facade of the north (main) elevation is divided into 11 bays. Three bays (the 2nd, 6th and 10th) contain door openings The second and tenth bays have wood panel double doors with six fixed panes in the upper portion. Metal awnings hang over these doors. The center opening (the sixth) is a wood garage-type door which opens onto a central storage area. Windows are typically 6 over 6 double-hung wood set within wood frames. The south and west elevations are finished in the same way, except for the door openings. The east elevation has a small entry portico at the center providing a secondary entry to the building. The entry portico is supported by squared wooden columns. The porch is wood with a wood plank ceiling. The original entry door at this elevation is six panel wood with the upper two panels across being fixed panes. The hip roof is surmounted by a wooden vent housing, mounted horizontally.
The interior of the building is divided into shop and office areas. Typical finishes in the shop include vinyl tile floors, painted plaster walls and dropped acoustical ceilings. The office areas are finished the same way except the floors are carpeted.
The INS compound has a long history in its current location, however the original site has been dramatically reduced by about half. One adjacent historic building appears in disuse and possibly should be reclaimed to prevent further deterioration and also add needed space to the INS compound.
Situated at the mouth of the Mississippi River, and a short distance from the Gulf of Mexico, New Orleans has been, since its beginning, a significant port. The harbor is one of the busiest in the world. The Border Patrol Station is located adjacent to the Naval Facility on the banks of the Mississippi River within the bend that gives New Orleans its nickname, "Crescent City." Between 1926 and 1939, the U.S. Government embarkeed on a large-scale building project. The project was expAnded in the early 1930s to provide jobs during the Great Depression. U. S. Border Patrol Building #3 was built during this period.
Though not as busy as New York or San Francisco, the port of New Orleans has traditionally received many immigrants, primarily from South America. The Border Patrol buildings were part of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) facility in New Orleans. Building #3 was used as a carpenter shop, machine shop and storage. As the law enforcement arm of the INS, the Border Patrol has the responsibility to detect and prevent smuggling and unlawful entry into the U.S.
The Border Patrol Building #3 is significant because it was part of the Federal building program of the 1930s, and because it has performed its historic function continually since that time.