U.S. Border Patrol Sector Headquarters, Building 4, New Orleans, LA
The GSA building number for this building is LA0814NE, however, on-site in the INS compound, its internal building number is "4". Building #4 of the New Orleans Border Patrol Station is a brick utilitarian three-bay storage building. The brick walls, laid in common bond, are unornamented. The brick parapet features limestone coping. The building has copper gutters and downspouts. The main elevation is to the east where the three bay openings are covered with double wood doors with diagonal slats at the upper and lower panels. The north, south and west elevations have no ornamentation. The building has a flat roof.
The interior of the building is divided into three storage bays. Finishes include concrete floors, brick walls, and wood ceiling.
The INS compound has a long history in its current location, however the original site has been dramatically reduced by about half and numerous significant buildings were allowed to fall in disrepair and collapse. One adjacent historic building appears abandoned and possibly should be reclaimed to prevent further deterioration and also add needed space to the INS compound.
Situated at the mouth of the Mississippi River, and a short distance from the Gulf of Mexico, New Orleans has been, since its beginning, a significant port. The harbor is one of the busiest in the world. The Border Patrol Station is located adjacent to the Naval Facility on the banks of the Mississippi River within the bend that gives New Orleans its nickname, "Crescent City". Between 1926 and 1939, the U.S. Government embarked on a large-scale building project. The project was expanded in the early 1930s to provide jobs during the Great Depression. U.S. Border Patrol Building #4 was built during this period.
Though not as busy as New York or San Francisco, the port of New Orleans has traditionally received many immigrants, primarily from South America. The Border Patrol buildings are part of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) facility in New Orleans. Building #4 was used as a storage facility. As the law enforcement arm of the INS, the Border Patrol has the responsibility to detect and prevent smuggling and unlawful entry uinto the U.S.
The Border Patrol Building #4 is significant because it was part of the Federal building program of the 1930s and because it has performed its historic function continually since that time.