Repairing Spalled Granite Using Epoxy Adhesive

Procedure code:
446521S
Source:
National Capitol Region Specifications
Division:
Masonry
Section:
Granite
Last Modified:
06/12/2017

PART 1---GENERAL

1.01 SUMMARY

  1. This procedure includes guidance on repairing minor cracks and spalls in granite. This includes those smaller than 6"x6". For larger fragments, see 04465-28-R.
  2. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines cover the following sections:
    1. Safety Precautions
    2. Historic Structures Precautions
    3. Submittals
    4. Quality Assurance
    5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
    6. Project/Site Conditions
    7. Sequencing and Scheduling
    8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)

These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing this procedure and should be followed, when applicable, along with recommendations from the Regional Historic Preservation Officer (RHPO).

1.02 SUBMITTALS

  1. Product Data: Submit manufacturer's product literature for epoxy adhesives or resins.
  2. Samples:
    1. Submit samples of dowels for patch anchorage.
    2. Sample Stone Repair: Reattach stone fragments and patch stone at locations selected by the RHPO using methods specified. Provide one sample each material.

PART 2---PRODUCTS

2.01 MANUFACTURERS

  1. Akemi Plastics, Inc. www.akemi.de; info@akemi.de
  2. Sika Corporation www.usa.sika.com

2.02 MATERIALS

  1. Epoxy Based Stone Repair Adhesive, such as "Akepox" (various "Akepox" products from Akemi), "Sikadur Hi-Mod" (Sika Corporation), or approved equal.
  2. Clean, soft cloths
  3. Acetone (C3H6O):
    1. A volatile fragrant flammable liquid ketone used chiefly as a solvent and in organic synthesis.
    2. Other chemical or common names include Dimethyl ketone; Propanone
    3. Potential Hazards: VOLATILE AND FLAMMABLE SOLVENT
    4. Available from chemical supply house or hardware store.
  4. Clean, potable water

2.03 EQUIPMENT

  1. Stiff natural bristle brush
  2. Trowel
  3. Chisel
  4. Putty knife

PART 3---EXECUTION

3.01 PREPARATION

  1. Surface Preparation: Temporarily remove and store light fixtures, mounting brackets, conduit, signs and other building accessories to facilitate the restoration work. Reinstall all removed items.

3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION

  1. Carefully remove loose stone fragments from building. Re-use all pieces of broken stone that are in sound condition, without serious cracks or flaws.
  2. Clean any exposed metal anchors of all corrosion by scraping and brushing with stiff wire brushes.
  3.  Clean surfaces to be laminated of grease and dust. Surfaces should also be dry.
  4. Mix hardener with mastic as per manufacturer's instructions.
  5.  Apply adhesive evenly and completely to surfaces to be laminated. Set stone while adhesive is still tacky. Secure stone fragments in place against movement until adhesive is cured.
  6. Clean any residual adhesive from the stone with acetone.
  7. Pieces larger than 6"x6" should be further anchored with rods drilled through the fragment and into the back-up stone. See 04465-28-R.

END OF SECTION

Last Reviewed 2017-06-12