Stripping, Staining And Polishing Wood Floors
- Procedure code:
- National Capitol Region Specifications
- Wood Flooring
- Last Modified:
STRIPPING, STAINING AND POLISHING WOOD FLOORS
A. This procedure includes guidance on stripping, staining
and refinishing floors.
B. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be
reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines
cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
4. Quality Assurance
5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
6. Project/Site Conditions
7. Sequencing and Scheduling
8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing
this procedure and should be followed, when applicable,
along with recommendations from the Regional Historic
Preservation Officer (RHPO).
1.02 PROJECT/SITE CONDITIONS
A. Existing Conditions: Determine that surfaces to which
finishes are to be applied are even, smooth, sound,
clean, dry and free from defects affecting proper
application. Correct or report defective surfaces to
A. Hillyard Chemical Company
B. The Sherwin Williams Company
101 Prospect Ave. N.W.
Cleveland, OH 44101
A. Sealer: Penetrating type, pliable, wood-hardening
finish/sealer such as "Penetrating Seal #21" (Hillyard
Chemical Company), or approved equal.
B. Stain: Penetrating, permanent oil-based stain such as
"Oil Stain" (Sherwin Williams), or approved equal,
colored to match existing floor stain.
C. Clean, soft cloths
D. Fasteners: Nails and screws, select material, type, size
and finish to match original installation.
E. Sandpaper: 3 grades, finest grade 00.
A. Hand-held Orbital Sanders (NO ROTARY OR DISK SANDERS)
B. Machine belt or orbital sander (NO ROTARY OR DISK
C. Stiff bristle brushes
A. Surface Preparation:
1. Carefully remove any floor mounted elements and
store in location selected by the Contracting
2. Protect floor borders from damage during sanding
and other floor refinishing operations.
3. Machine sand the wood floor to remove stains,
indentations and old finish.
NOTE: BELT AND ORBITAL SANDERS SHOULD ONLY BE USED
BY EXPERIENCED PERSONNEL. THEY WORK VERY QUICKLY
AND IT IS EASY TO DAMAGE THE WOOD SUBSTRATE IF THEY
ARE NOT USED CAREFULLY. For additional guidance on
stripping wood floors and precautions to take when
operating sanding equipment on wood, see 06300-02-
R, 06400-10-R and 09910-01-S.
a. Sand floor in direction of wood grain. Remove
only the amount of wood necessary to remove
old finish but no more than 1/16" depth.
b. Use hand-held sanders at edges of floor.
c. Final sanding shall be with 00 grade
d. Vacuum clean, remove sanding dusted with tack
cloth, and immediately apply stain finish.
e. Do not allow traffic on floor until final
finishing is complete.
3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Apply stain to wood floor to obtain a finish to match the
B. Apply floor sealer (two coats) in accordance with
manufacturer's printed instructions, including machine
buffing with steel wool as recommended by the
C. Reinstall floor mounted accessories in original
locations. Protect wood flooring during reinstallation.
D. For guidance on cleaning and maintaining woodwork and
wood floors, see 06400-02-P, 06400-01-R, and 06400-01-P.
END OF SECTION