Land ports of entry overview

A land port of entry, also known as a border station, is the facility that provides controlled entry into or departure from the United States for persons or materials. It houses the U.S. Customs and Border Protection and other federal inspection agencies responsible for the enforcement of federal laws pertaining to such activities.

Currently, there are 167 LPOEs at America’s borders counting both Canada and Mexico. We own and operate 102 of these land ports. The others are either owned and operated by Homeland Security CBP or are leased to the government by municipalities, other local governments or private entities such as toll bridges.

Within our Office of Design and Construction, the LPOE subject matter experts support regional offices and project managers on the design, development and construction of individual LPOEs. The LPOE SMEs act as our national liaison with other LPOE program stakeholders facilitating the program’s successful delivery. SMEs come from both the Expert Resources Division and the Special Programs Office. They also coordinate the long-range space requirements of CBP protection programs, the rolling five year plan within our annual budget request, and project approval processes in partnership with CBP.

External stakeholders include: CBP, Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, state, local and municipal transportation organizations, the U.S. Department of State, Congress, Office of Mexican Border Affairs, Office of Canadian Border Affairs, additional various departments of the Mexican and Canadian governments, U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration, International Boundary and Water Commission, International Business Council, citizen advocacy groups, and U.S. taxpayers.

The Northern Border Program Office oversees land ports in GSA Regions 1,2,5,8 and 10 covering ME, VT, NY, MI, MN, ND, MT, ID, WA, and AK.

The Southern Border Program Office oversees land ports in GSA Regions 7 and 9 covering CA, AZ, NM, and TX.

Land port statistics

  • 102 GSA-owned LPOEs
  • 19 GSA-leased LPOEs
  • 3 Partially-owned and leased LPOEs
  • 77 Northern GSA LPOEs (including leased)
  • 47 Southern LPOEs
  • 43 CBP or other LPOEs with GSA involvement
  • 167 total LPOEs

Additional LPOE information

Last Reviewed: 2023-05-22