References for Border Inspection Stations

The following resources provide a deeper look into:

  • the origin and construction of land ports of entry,
  • National Register designation,
  • federal symbolism, and
  • the history of the Office of the Supervising Architect of the U.S. Treasury Department (which supervised the design and construction of the border stations).

American Architect and Architecture. 1937. Untitled article. August, vol. 151:51.

Benner, H. A. and J. L. Hughes. 1928. Report on Standard Type of Customs-Immigration Inspection Buildings for Border Highways. Congressional report to the Commissioner General of Immigration. Washington, DC, May 13:25.

Berger, Louis & Associates, Inc., and John Bowie Associates, Inc. 1994. Historic Preservation Plan, U.S. Border Stations, Vermont. Prepared for U.S. General Services Administration, October (Draft Submission).

Boyle, Susan D., and Boyle • Wagoner Architects. 1996. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, United States Border Station, Metaline Falls, Washington. January 5.

Boyle • Wagoner Architects. 1996. Determination of Eligibility for Listing in the National Register of Historic Places: U.S. Border Stations, Metaline Falls, Laurier, and Curlew (Ferry), Washington. Prepared for U.S. General Services Administration, Region 10, January 5.

Bush-Brown, Albert and John Burchard. 1966. The Architecture of America: A Social and Cultural History. Boston: MA: Atlantic Monthly Press

Craig, Lois, ed., and the staff of the Federal Architecture Project.1979. The Federal Presence: Architecture, Politics, and Symbols in the United States Government Building. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, pp. 99 and 195. [Link to searchable online edition, as well as various downloadable formats.]

Dahlin, Allison. 2004. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Babb-Peigan, Montana, Inspection Station. General Services Administration, September 10.

General Services Administration and Mangi Environmental Group. 2004. Letter and attachments from the General Services Administration to the New York State Historic Preservation Officer, supporting the findings of National Register eligibility for seven border stations in New York. Dated July 20.

Lee, Antoinette Josephine. 2000. Architects to the Nation: The Rise and Decline of the Supervising Architect’s Office. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. [This links to a list of libraries where the book is available.]

National Archives and Records Administration. n.d. Records Group 36. A series of 48 cabinet sketches, including architectural renderings and building plans, representing border inspection stations at 58 locations. On file at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration in College Park, Maryland.

Smith, Darrel Hevenor, and H. Guy Herring. 1924. The Bureau of Immigration: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press.

U.S. General Services Administration. 1994. Historic Building Preservation Program: Inspection (Mooers). April, 27: 3.

U.S. Government Printing Office. 1939. America Builds: The Record of the PWA. Washington, DC.

Richard Starzak, Senior Architectural Historian; Daniel Paul, Architectural Historian; Elizabeth Weaver, Architectural Historian National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation Form [PDF - 5 MB]

Whiffen, Marcus.1992. American Architecture Since 1780: Guide to the Styles. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Last Reviewed: 2019-02-26