Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity Contracts (IDIQs)

Indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity contracts, or IDIQs, are used when GSA can’t determine, above a specified minimum, the precise quantities of products or services that the government will require during the contract period (which often spans 5+ years). Both for businesses and agencies, IDIQs help streamline the contract process and speed service delivery. IDIQs standardize the ordering process for the business, and provide flexibility for the agency.

The Process

IDIQ contracts are most often used for service contracts, IT service and products, and architect-engineering services. Awards are usually for base years and option years. The government places delivery orders (for products) or task orders (for services) against a basic contract for individual requirements. Minimum and maximum quantity limits are specified in the basic contract as either number of units (for products) or as dollar values (for services).

Business Examples: How GSA Uses IDIQs

GSA has awarded several Multiple Award IDIQ contracts to procure technical expertise in areas such as cost estimating, architect/engineer services, seismic/structural/blast services, construction management and inspection, general construction, repair and alteration, design-build, demolition and remediation services.

Small businesses in the building & construction industries in particular, should learn about IDIQ contracts. The Public Building Services branch of GSA uses IDIQ contract vehicles to accomplish some of their requirements for its work as the federal government's landlord. Check out the Opportunities in Buildings & Real Estate and the Bidding on Federal Construction Projects pages.

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