Replacing Loose, Broken or Missing Individual Quarry Tiles
- CSI Division:
- Division 9 - Finishes
- Quarry Tile
- Last Modified:
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Prior to inclusion in GSA’s library of procedures, documents are reviewed by one or more qualified preservation specialists for general consistency with the Secretary of Interior Standards for rehabilitating historic buildings as understood at the time the procedure is added to the library. All specifications require project-specific editing and professional judgement regarding the applicability of a procedure to a particular building, project or location. References to products and suppliers are to serve as a general guideline and do not constitute a federal endorsement or determination that a product or method is the best or most current alternative, remains available, or is compliant with current environmental regulations and safety standards. The library of procedures is intended to serve as a resource, not a substitute, for specification development by a qualified preservation professional.
We’ve reviewed these procedures for general consistency with federal standards for rehabilitating historic buildings and provide them only as a reference. Specifications should only be applied under the guidance of a qualified preservation professional who can assess the applicability of a procedure to a particular building, project or location. References to products and suppliers serve as general guidelines and do not constitute a federal endorsement nor a determination that a product or method is the best alternative or compliant with current environmental regulations and safety standards.
REPLACING LOOSE, BROKEN OR MISSING INDIVIDUAL QUARRY TILES
A. This procedure includes guidance on replacing individual quarry tiles that are loose, broken or missing.
B. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
4. Quality Assurance
5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
6. Project/Site Conditions
7. Sequencing and Scheduling
8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing this procedure and should be followed, when applicable, along with recommendations from the Regional Historic Preservation Officer (RHPO).
A. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM),
A. American Olean Tile
B. ProSoCo, Inc.
C. Southern Grouts and Mortars
D. Boston Valley
E. Ludowici Roof Tiles
A. Replacement quarry tile matching historic tile in color, size, and other characteristics: 6" x 9" x 1/2" (American Olean Tile, Boston Valley Tile, Ludowici), or approved equal.
B. Solvent cleaner such as "Sure Klean Asphalt and Tar Remover" (ProSoCo, Inc.)
C. Dry-set mortar: Medium-textured portland cement-based (Southern Grouts and Mortars,Inc.)
D. Portland cement: ASTM C150, Type I, grey
E. Sand (color to match existing mortar) should conform to the following size gradations:
Sieve No. | Percentage Retained
No. 4 | 0
No. 8 | 0
No. 16 | 5-15
No. 30 | 40-60
No. 50 | 75-85
No. 100 | 95-99
G. Clean, potable water
B. Stiff bristle brush
C. 1/4" x 1/4" grooved trowel
D. Putty knife
E. Joint tools
NOTE: PROPORTIONS SHOULD BE MEASURED BY VOLUME.
A. Mortar Mix: Comply with ASTM C 270.
1. 1 part portland cement
2. 3 parts sand
3. 2 parts gravel
4. enough water to form a thick, workable mix
B. Grout Mix:
1. 1 part dry-set mortar
2. enough water to form a thick, workable mix
3.01 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Mix grout and mortar for 3-5 minutes using a mechanical batcher (see mixes in Section 2.04 above).
NOTE: MIX ONLY ENOUGH MORTAR OR GROUT TO BE USED WITHIN 2 HOURS OF FINAL MIXING. DO NOT RETEMPER OR USE PARTIALLY HARDENED MATERIALS.
B. Remove damaged tiles using a chisel. Take care not to damaged adjacent tiles.
C. Using a putty knife, scrape off old adhesive from floor.
D. Remove loose dirt from area using a stiff bristle brush.
E. Trowel on a layer of mortar.
F. Set tile and gently press into place. Wipe excess mortar immediately from the surface.
G. Allow the mortar to cure for 16-24 hours.
H. When the tile is firmly set, press grout into the joints, filling them flush with the surface. Tool so that joints are slightly concave.
I. Wipe excess grout immediately from the surface.
J. Keep masonry damp for a minimum of 48 hours or until mortar is fully cured.