Technical Procedures Disclaimer
Prior to inclusion in GSA’s library of procedures, documents are reviewed by one or more qualified preservation specialists for general consistency with the Secretary of Interior Standards for rehabilitating historic buildings as understood at the time the procedure is added to the library. All specifications require project-specific editing and professional judgement regarding the applicability of a procedure to a particular building, project or location. References to products and suppliers are to serve as a general guideline and do not constitute a federal endorsement or determination that a product or method is the best or most current alternative, remains available, or is compliant with current environmental regulations and safety standards. The library of procedures is intended to serve as a resource, not a substitute, for specification development by a qualified preservation professional.
We’ve reviewed these procedures for general consistency with federal standards for rehabilitating historic buildings and provide them only as a reference. Specifications should only be applied under the guidance of a qualified preservation professional who can assess the applicability of a procedure to a particular building, project or location. References to products and suppliers serve as general guidelines and do not constitute a federal endorsement nor a determination that a product or method is the best alternative or compliant with current environmental regulations and safety standards.
REPAIRING A WOBBLY OR BROKEN EXTERIOR CAST IRON NEWEL POST
Margot Gayle, David Look, John Waite. Metals in America's Historic Buildings. Washington,DC: National Park Service, 1995.
L. William Zahner. Architectural Metals. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995.
A. This procedure includes guidance on repairing a wobbly or
broken exterior cast iron newel post. THIS TYPE OF REPAIR
SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY A PROFESSIONAL IRONWORKER.
B. A wobbly newel post may be caused by water from the
setting concrete or stone, improper setting, and/or
joints not caulked.
C. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be
reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines
cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
4. Quality Assurance
5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
6. Project/Site Conditions
7. Sequencing and Scheduling
8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing
this procedure and should be followed, when applicable,
along with recommendations from the Regional Historic
Preservation Officer (RHPO).
D. For additional information on the characteristics, uses
and problems associated with cast iron, see 05010-04-S;
for guidance on inspecting cast iron failures, see 05010-01-S.
1.02 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A. Storage and Protection:
1. Cast iron railing or balustrade should be stored as
to protect from surface damage at all times,
carefully packed and should remain so from the time
of delivery until set. Keep uninstalled and
unpainted metal materials in a dry, rust-free
storage facility; surfaces to be welded are
generally not primed.
2. Salvaged historic material shall be carefully
packed and stored under cover and in the building
away from working or traffic areas. Mark salvaged
material with the year of removal.
A. Molten lead or lead wool
B. Screws and bolts
C. Wiping cloths
A. Wire brush - removes rust and flaking metal as well as
B. Eye and skin protection
C. Heavy gloves and protective gear
E. Welding equipment
F. Electric drill
G. Electric grinder
A. Before proceeding with steps to repair cast-iron newel
post, it is important to first determine the cause and
extent of the problem. Determine the age of the
railing/balustrade and examine the condition of the
entire surface. Inspect for:
1. Joints - which are open or misaligned, thus
allowing water into the railing or newel.
2. Parts - which have failed or which are unsecured,
broken, cracked, missing, distorted, or loose
(check screws and bolts).
3. Paint - coating failures such as chips, losses,
peeling, checks, bubbling, and wear.
4. Rust corrosion - caused by moisture including, sea
water and sea air, deicing salts, acids and some
5. Galvanic corrosion - corrosion caused when iron is
in direct contact with a dissimilar metal and is
wetted by rain, fog, condensation, etc.
6. Determine the source of the moisture which causes
7. Determine if the railing/balustrade can be
8. Measure the dimensions of the various metal parts
3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Repairing A Wobbly Newel Post: This can usually be
repaired on site by a professional or in the shop by an
1. Reset the center rod in the base and weld small
supports at the base of the newel.
2. Drill holes in the masonry step or walk to
correspond with the supports.
3. Pour molten lead into the holes before setting the
4. Caulk all the joints and prime and paint the entire
assembly. See 05010-13-S and 09900-07-S for
guidance on painting cast iron.
NOTE: IRON THAT IS SET IN CONCRETE OR STONE SHOULD
BE PACKED IN LEAD TO PREVENT THE IRON FROM RUSTING.
LEAD IS SOFT ENOUGH TO STILL ALLOW THE IRON TO
B. Repairing Posts That Are Broken in Half: The posts must
first be internally reinforced with steel pipes.
1. Before attaching the elements, clean the surface of
any traces of dirt, oil/grease stains, peeling
paint, or rust. See 05010-05-R for guidance on
cleaning cast iron.
2. Weld the original elements of the posts back
together, using a professional welder. Grind down
any visible beads of welding material.
NOTE: SUCCESSFUL WELDING OF CAST IRON CAN BE A
RELATIVELY EXPENSIVE OPERATION.
NOTE: WELDING OF CAST IRON IS VERY DIFFICULT TO DO
IN THE FIELD. IT SHOULD BE EXECUTED ONLY BY A
SKILLED WELDER UNDER CAREFUL SUPERVISION.
CAUTION: DURING WELDING THE METAL BECOMES VERY HOT
AND CAN UNDERGO TREMENDOUS THERMAL SHOCK. IT MAY
RECRYSTALLIZE IF EXCESSIVE HEAT IS APPLIED.
a. For large sections, welding should take place
off site. The piece must be removed and
transported to a workshop where it can be
preheated before welding and postheated after
welding to ensure a gradual temperature change
within the metal.
b. Advantages of welding:
1) Arc welding produces a strong, durable
connection and, if properly executed, is
at least as strong as the surrounding
2) It is faster and less expensive than
threaded connections, which require
drilling a pilot and then tapping to
accommodate screws or bolts.
3) Welding is the most preferred for the
attachment of the decorative castings and
for other non-structural repairs for
economic reasons and because it allows to
preserve the original damaged elements,
which otherwise would have to be
c. Disadvantages of welding:
1) In cases where the original attachments
are bolted, the use of this method may
result in internal stresses (welds cannot
move with seasonal expansion/ contraction
cycles) which may in turn lead to further
2) Welding may leave a 'bead' along the
surface of the connection which may be
unacceptable in some restoration
projects, even though much of the weld
may later be ground down, depending on
the location and the welding material.
3) Metallic bond (gas) welding is more
reliable than fusion (arc) welding in
repairing large sections of cast iron,
because a lower temperature is used and
heat is applied and removed at a slower